which Clytemnestra on the left and father

which hasn’t been fully
excavated yet. It was used as an ornate decoration in the central part of one
of the halls called the triclini, which means triclinium in Latin, that was used
for banquets. It replicates a Greek painting which illustrated the theatrical
enactment of “the myth of the sacrifice of Iphigenia.” It was based on the
tragedy Iphigenia in Aulis by
Euripides. Although the fate of Iphigenia is closely connected with the Trojan expedition,
she is not mentioned in the Iliad or the Odyssey. King Agamemnon sacrifices his
daughter Iphigenia to appease the wrath of the goddess Artemis. The sacrifice
of Iphigenia is an ode celebrating an athletic victory won in 474 BC. In the
center we see Odysseus, identified by his polos, who leads Iphigenia dressed in
a white himation to the altar, to the left is a column with statues of Apollo
and Artemis, and at the top towards the right, the goddess herself is standing
on a platform in the theatre scenery where she brings the deer.

The story was known
by early epic authors such as Hesiod in his catalogue of women and in the
stories, where the hybrids of Agamemnon, the sacrifice demanded by Artemis, the
substitution with a deer and the transfer of Iphigenia to the Taurians. The
girl is dragged to the altar by a pair of soldiers. Her parents stand to either
side, the grieving Clytemnestra on the left and father Agamemnon on the right.

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In the heavens above Artemis summons one of her Nymphs to deliver a stag as a
sacrificial substitute for the girl. The fresco is perhaps based on 4th B.C.

painting by the Greek artist Timanthus

Finally, the last
example of ancient mosaics serving as a form of impressive and extravagant art
within the triclinium to show a family’s wealth was found at the Roman ruins we
visited. The Roman ruins were found at an archaeological site at the corner where
Carrer de la Fruita and Carrer de Sant Honorat meet in Barcelona. We toured the
inside of a domus which in this case was the home of a great noble. This site
fell within the perimeters of a city that used to be known as Barcino which was
founded around 15 AD.  Throughout the
territory of Barcino there remains traces of other domus belonging to other
nobles and upper-class families. By the fourth century, this city had gone through
intense urban revitalization. 


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