Turkey Essay, Research Paper
population, is a democracy in Asia and a
little portion of southerneastern Europe.
It? s lying between the Black Sea and
the Mediterranean Sea. Meleagris gallopavo is
cragged, coastol field somewhat
larger than Texas. The conditions is
hot and dry in the summer with mild
wet winters. The people areTurks.
They speak the Turkish linguistic communication,
Kurdish and Arabic. The authorities
is republician parliamentary
democracy, with a president ; head of
province caput of authorities, the premier
curate ; the cabinet, the Council of
Curates appointed by the presiednt ;
they do hold a National Security
Council that avise the Presiednt and
the cabinet, similar to our
authorities. The economic system is a assorted
system. It? s most of import export is
fabrics and vesture. The faith is
Muslim. The Koran is their holly
Bible that they live by. Their
instruction system is bettering with a
modern school system to convey
literacy to the Turks. The artistic
tradition has given manner to a move
western orientation. They are really
proud and difficult woking people. The
work forces are the superior over the adult females.
Turkey is a really growth and
The authorities of Turkey
fluctuated undermentioned World War I.
The Allied power and Greece wanted
the state for themselves. This led
to the Turkish War of Independence.
On October 29, 1923, the Turkish
Republic was formed. The Allies and
Greece failed at what they where
seeking to try. After the war, the
Turkish people abolished the spiritual
tribunals. They where free to warship
in anyhow they pleased. Because of
the war adult females gained the right to
ballot to vote.
In 1946, the multiparty epoch
began. A military junta seized power
and governed from 1960 to 1961. In
1961, a new fundamental law was ratified,
and elections began. The 70? s were a
clip of political force and economic
uncertainness. Because of this, in 1980
a 2nd junta was formed, which
instituted soldierly jurisprudence and abolished
all political parties. The 2nd junta
was dissolved because of a new
fundamental law, adopted in 1982.
Turkey so became a republican
The state of Turkey is a
democracy led by an elective president,
which is similar to our state.
Their president is H. E. Ahmet
Necdet Sezer. He is the commander-
in- head of the armed forces, he is
presiding officer at cabinet meetings,
and the caput of province. The Executive
subdivision is made up of the head of
province, which is President Ahmet
Necdet Sezer ; the caput of authorities
is Prime Minister Bulent, who
represents the bulk party or
alliance in Parliament. The cabinet
consist of Council of Ministers
appointed by the President. The
cabinet members are nominated by the
Prime Minister and elected by the
President. The President of Turkey
is elected by the Grand National
Assembly for a seven twelvemonth term. All
citizens over 20 old ages old are entitled
to vote. The legislatue of the state
is the Grand National Assembly,
which is the Parliament of Turkey.
They have the power to do Torahs,
ratify pacts, and declare war. But
unlike our Congress they are an
unicameral legislative assembly. This means
that they merely have one house of
legislative assembly. The Grand National
Assembly consist of two Chamberss,
the National Assembly and the
Senate. The National Assembly
consist of 450 members, who are
elected for 4 twelvemonth footings by the people.
The Senate has 150 members, plus 40
others who are non elected, but
appointed as members for life. The
elections were last held April 18,
1999. The seats held by varies
parties are capable to alter due to
desertions, creative activity of new parties,
and ejector or decease of sitting
deputies, as of January 1, 1999.
They receive their power from the
Fundamental law of 1982. The Assembly
is headed by the Prime Minister,
Parliament in Turkey? s
electoral system are elected harmonizing
to the proportion of ballots they
attract, instead so with the most
ballots won. A party needs 10 % of the
national ballot before it can be
considered for a place in Parliament.
And a party must win 25 % of the ballot
in a four- place constituency, 33 % in a
three- place constituency. The consequence
is that three parties dominate,
Motherland Party, the True Path
Party, and the Social Democrat
Populist Party. The administrative
divisions, local authorities is made
up of 80 states which are
administered by governors
stand foring the cardinal authorities.
The local authoritiess elect their ain
city managers and councils. base on ballss Torahs in
a some what similar manner to our
Congress. First the measure passes
through the legislative assembly and to the
President. The judicial subdivision
consist of a Constitutional Court,
which examines the constitutionality
of Torahs passed by Parliament. The
Judgess of the tribunal are appointed by
the President. Court of Appeals,
Judgess are elected by Supreme Council
of Judges and Prosecutors. The concluding
tribunal of entreaty is known as the tribunal
The economic system of Turkey is a
complex assorted system. There are
traditional small town agribusiness and
trades, modern industry, and
commercialism. Agribusiness is the
anchor of the Turkish economic system. It
one time provided all the major exports.
Now, it provides merely half of what it
usage to. The major agricultural
merchandises are cotton, baccy, fruit,
cereals, nuts, and opium. It has a
strong turning private sector, but the
province still has a major function in
industry, banking, conveyance, and
The people of Turkey are really
difficult workers. They are fishermen,
mineworkers, and husbandmans. The chief
beginnings of employment are in occupations
such as ship edifice, cars,
pharmaceuticals, and machine parts.
The industries of Turkey are dispersed
across a huge field of merchandises.
Turkey is the largest exporter in
fabrics and vesture, which is about
all in private custodies. They lead in
fabrication processed nutrient, refined
crude oil, Fe, cement, steel, and
chemicals. Coal, Cr, and
Cu are mined. Tourism is really
of import to their national economic system.
The Turkish society relates to
ours in that they are into competitory
capitalist economy. The modern workers in
ship building paces or pharmaceutical
workss are welling to work merely as
hard for good wage as we are in the
In Turkey basic wellness attention is
provided, but it doesn? t meet the
states demands. In some parts of the
state installations are modern and
satisfactory, but in other topographic points,
installations are ill equipped.
Turkey is full of 1000000s of
people. To be precise, there are
65,599,206 people in Turkey. The
avergae polulation denseness is about 80
individual per sq kilometer ( about 206 per sq
myocardial infarction ) About 69 per centum of the people
lived in urban countries in the mid-1990s,
compared with approximately 21 per centum in
1950. The highest population
concentrations were in Istanbul and
in coastal parts. The
official linguistic communication is Turkish and
minor linguistic communications are Kurdish and
Arabic. And about 98 % of these
people are Muslims. The people are
called Turks. The Turks are
descends from the Tatars. The Laz
and Hemsin are cultural Turks. They
unrecorded chiefly along the eastern seashore of
the Black Sea. Kurds, cultural group
live in an country called Kurdistan.
The Muslim faith plays an
of import function in the life of the
Turkish people. Throughout their
lives, Muslims strive to populate the five
pillars of Islam: profession Allah? s
name and Muhammad? s function as
prophesier ; fasting during the sanctum
month of Ramazan ; giving assistance to the
hapless ; doing a pilgrim’s journey to
Makkah, Saudi Arabia ; and praying
daily at five specific times.
Ramazan is the 9th month
on the Muslim lunar calendar. Turks
fast for the full month. At the terminal
of Ramazan they eat Sweets for three
yearss. Those three yearss are called
Seker Bayrami, which means sugar
vacation. Another vacation is Kurban
Bayrami, which means forfeit
vacation. It symbolize the Muslim
pilgrim’s journey to Makkah and the
willingness of Abraham? s to give
his boy. On that vacation an animate being is
The Koran is the Bible to the
Moslems. They believe the book
contains the words of Allah as
dictated to the Prophet Mohammed
and Arabic and through Arch Angel
Gabriel. The Koran is so of import to
them no 1 is allowed to knock or
inquiry it. Muslims believe that the
Koran is untranslatable. There are
114 chapters known as surbs, that
tough on many facets of societal life as
good. Mosque is where the Muslim
war vessel. Inside the Mosque the
words of the first pillar of Islam is
found painted on the wall. The
Mosque are frequently brilliantly decorated
on the outside with strings of coloured
visible radiations that sometime spell out
The Turkish nuptials is a
short ceremonial in the metropolis hall, so a
private response with nutrient, drink,
and music. In the state side a
matrimony is debated and bargained
over for a long clip by both parents.
The old pattern of paying a bride
monetary value has non died out.
In Turkey, like in the United
States, people meet and greet each
other all twenty-four hours. But in little small towns in
Turkey a individual could travel to another
individual? s house uninvited. Relatives,
neighbours, and friends visit each other
all the clip. But unlike in the U.S. ,
you are ever welcomed in, and
offered nutrient and drink. But you
would hold to take your places and
put on slippers. It would be
considered impolite to turn down their
offering. The first clip you go to a
individual? s place in Turkey, you are
expected to convey a gift. If you did non
conveying a gift that would be considered
rude, but they would still allow you into
Turkish people eat breakfast
7:00 a.m. or before. Lunch is eaten at
12:00 p.m. and dinner around 7:00
p.m. Dinner in Turkey is their chief
repast of the twenty-four hours. Families eat together
around their kitchen tabular array. The
general manner of feeding is with the fork
in the left manus, and the knife in the
right manus. Before eating, they may
state Afiyet Olsun, which means, ? May
what you eat conveying you good being. ?
The typical Turkish citizen
wears western- manner vesture.
Younger people like European manner
more. Some Muslim adult females wear
scarf to cover their hair. But in
schools adult females can non have on a scarf.
The humanistic disciplines combine traditional
Turkish subjects with Western manners.
Radio and t.v. broadcast medium has
removed much of the isolation of rural
Soccer is a large thing for the
Turkish people? s amusement.
They love the game. If I went to
Turkey I would be playing some of
the something? s I play here in the
provinces. For intense, football,
volleyball, hoops, cycling, and
swimming. But there are some games
that I do non play in the U.S. , like
lubricating oil wrestle. I would besides hold to
larn how to folk dance.
The tradition in Turkish
civilization Faber work forces over adult females.
Chiefly because of the Islamic faith
for the Koran, their holly book allows
the work forces to hold chief married womans and male
high quality. The adult females, for merriment in
Turkey go over to each others home
and watch t.v. The work forces on the other
manus travel out to cafe houses and talk.
The household is at the bosom of the
Turks life. The repast is the most
common household jubilation. During
Seker Bayrami it is really much a
household matter, because it marks the
terminal of the spiritual month of fasting.
Particular visits are made to the eldest
member of the household, whose manus is
kissed as a grade of regard.
Turks are really proud people.
They have a high sense of national
individuality. They have a celebrated
comment, ? Biz Bize Benzeriz? ( We
resemble ourselves ) , which they
believe in 1s ain particular individuality.
It is said about the Turks, that a
Turks foremost responsibility is to be proud.
Did you know in Turkey that
merely 82 % of the population can
read and write.
Make you cognize what the highest
mountain in Turkey is called
and how high is it to the top?
The reply is Mt. Ararat it is
5,165 metres high.
Did you know that Turkey is
780,570 sq. kilometer.
Did you know that 37 % of the
state is for harvests, 26 % is for
wood, 12 % is for grazing lands, and
25 % is for other.
Did you know that the flag of
Turkey has red background with
a white cresent and a white five
Did you now that the capital of
Turkey is Ankara.
In Turkey when come ining a
individual? s place you must take
A 15_ month period of military
service is required of all male
citizen between ages 20 and 32.
Did you know that in Turkey
people pray five times a twenty-four hours, at
five certain times.
Did you know that merely work forces travel
The gyration Dervishes.
Dancers seek to accomplish a
mystical brotherhood with God.
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