C. Liu et Al, reported the formation of three dimensional mesoporous Ca oxide nanoparticles prepared by hydrothermal method. They used different wetting agent like CTAB, P123 and PEG to manufacture new morphological constructions of nanoparticles. Characterization techniques, such as SEM, TEM, TGA, FTIR, XRD and N2 adsorption-desorption were used. The add-on of wetting agents reasonably effected morphology, size and pore size of atoms. Factors like high temperature and long hydrothermal besides contributed to little atom size. The C dioxide surface assimilation capacity of CaO nanoparticles was besides determined [ 43 ] .
O. B. Koper et Al, ( 1997 ) studied the high chemical responsivenesss of Ca oxide and Mg oxide nanoparticles to destruct toxins and risky chemicals. The ultrafine atoms were produced by sol-gel method. A rational was allowed to develop by different word picture techniques to explicate high chemical responsivenesss of Ca oxide [ 44 ] .
S. ganam et Al, ( 2010 ) discussed the consequence of nature of wetting agent on the structural and chemical belongingss of nanoparticles. Very little sized nanoparticles were achieved by utilizing different wetting agents. Assorted morphologies of SNO2 nanoparticles depending upon wetting agent were observed in scanning negatron micrographs. The smallest atom was synthesised by utilizing Na dodecyl sulphate as surfactant [ 45 ] .
M. A. Farrukh et Al, ( 2012 ) investigated the effects of parametric quantities of reaction during Sn oxide synthesis via hydrothermal method. The parametric quantities such as wetting agent, cut downing agent, and calcinations temperature were changed during synthesis reaction. Their effects were studied by TEM, SEM, EDX, XRD, FTIR and BET method [ 46 ] .
H. Yazid et Al, ( 2011 ) reported the formation of gold nanoparticles supported on Al2O3 by deposition precipitation method. The consequence of pH on the formation of doped nanoparticles was studied by several pH accommodations i.e. above and below isoelectric point. The catalytic belongings of as synthesised nanoparticles was studied by cut downing p-nitrophenol. The catalytic reaction was monitored by UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Characterization gold doped aluminium oxide nanoparticles were carried out by utilizing SEM, EDX, TEM, XRD, atomic soaking up spectrometry and UV-VIS spectrophotometer [ 19 ] .
O. Koper et Al, ( 1993 ) reported that ultrafine atoms of CaO synthesised by hydrothermal procedure, can destructively adsorb alkyl halides ( carbon tetrachloride ) , even the intermediate merchandise phosgene was besides degraded when high concentration of Ca oxide was used. The attendant merchandises of this reaction were calcium chloride, CaCO3, H2O and C monoxide gas. It was observed during kinetic surveies that high surface country of nanoparticles was the ground of complete debasement [ 47 ] .
O. Koper et Al, ( 1994 ) studied the catalytic activity of nanoscale and commercial graduated table CaO by destructively adsorbing CCl4. Three types CaO nanoparticles were compared ; commercially synthesized ; CaO nanoparticles prepared by conventional method ; and autoclave method. GC-MS was used to analyze debasement merchandises of reaction. Autoclave synthesised NP-CaO were best formed because their catalytic activity was reasonably higher than others [ 48 ] .
K. Tanka et Al, ( 1996 ) studied the photocatalytic debasement of trinitrophenol by TiO2 nanoparticles. The rate of debasement rise with addition in -NO2 group on phenol. The attendant merchandises were polyhydroxylated medieties which suggested the mechanism of debasement. The -NO2 group and H was substituted to the nitrophenol molecule by hydroxyl group. Other aromatic compounds, like acetic and formic acid were besides formed. The NO3I… and NH4+ were formed concluding debasement merchandises [ 49 ] .
M. H. Priya et Al, ( 2005 ) studied the photocatalytic debasement of nitrobenzenes and their chlorinated substituents, under UV irradiation by utilizing TiO2 nanoparticles as photocatalyst. The debasement reaction followed first order dynamicss. Degradation rate was greatest for chloro nitrobenzenes. The mono-substituted nitrobenzenes more quickly degrade than that of di-substituted nitrobenzenes [ 50 ] .
M. Ksibi et Al, ( 2003 ) investigated the photocatalytic degradability of substituted phenols present in was H2O, under UV irradiated TiO2. The debasement reaction of nitrophenols and hydroxy phenols followed imposter foremost order dynamicss. The photodegradability of nitrophenols was more sensitive towards pH than that of hydroxyl phenols as it tend to increase in acidic solution [ 51 ] .
A. Odaka et Al, ( 2008 ) reported Ca doped Al2O3 nanoparticles synthesized via sol-gel method. 0.10 mol % Calcium was doped on 5 mass % of Al2O3 seeding and calcined at 900 -C. These nanoparticles were used to manufacture extremely heavy aluminum oxide ceramics with finer grains. The atom size ranges between 0.66µm to 1.39µm. Ca chloride and polyhydoxoaluminum were used as precursors [ 52 ] .
Z. Tang et Al. ( 2008 ) reported the synthesis of Ca oxide by thermic decomposition at low temperatures. A sol-gel solution was prepared by utilizing Ca nitrate as precursor and Na hydrated oxide as precipitating agent in ethene ethanediol medium. Features of Ca oxide nanoparticles were studied by utilizing different analytical techniques such as SEM, TEM, XRD and TGA. The last mentioned technique provided the fact that as-synthesized Ca hydrated oxide decomposed into Ca oxide at comparatively low calcinations temperature 500oC in 1.5 hour [ 53 ] .
R. Koirala et Al, reported the fire spray pyrolysis ( individual nose fire ) synthesis of Ca oxide doped with different metals ( Hf, Al, La, W, Y ) . Ca12Al14O33 formation was revealed by x beam diffraction ( XRD ) . There was no metal oxide extremum for aluminum, wolfram and Hf which suggested that the metals are incorporated in crystal lattice of Ca oxide. The molar ratio for Al/Ca was 3:10. It besides showed great endurance towards sintering. The uptake ability of CO2 increased which ascribed to more aluminum atoms than Ca atoms in Ca12Al14O33 [ 54 ] .