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Theoretical for democratization and political regimes by

Theoretical debate about
process of  democratization  was of the most  contested and abundant of any of the
theoretical debate in comparative politics and political science. This portion
of the study paper outlines the variables which might be thought to be the
major ones influencing democratization and the movement toward democracy around
the world. These reasons are those which can be inspiration to have influenced
“early” democratizing nations like in USA and France.The case studies will be
South Korea and China , as one country 
establishing democratization and the other  continues to 
strive against democratization.

 

Introduction

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The
paper explains the outcome of  economic  development 
causing democratization   in South
Korea and  China’s stagnation for
transition. The paper emphasis and uses the essential theory  for democratization   and
political regimes by means of justifying the outcome of economic development by
taking into consideration the variables towards democratization.

Theoretical
approach is part of what has influenced comparative politics literature  mostly starting from World War II period
by  examining  literature  from Lipset to ” Social Requisites of Democracy”
and “A Preface to Democratic Theory “from Dahl.1

The
paper seeks to explain  the stream of the
debate for the democratization over time. Even though there had been
disagreeable contradictions in the subfield as to which variable of which
conception are essentially the most central, this paper endeavors to avert
“favoring one part” and instead gives a format of the  open  discussion within the study. The variables
discussed on this paper are situated  from many authors which will be mentioned
later.

The
first  theory  which can be inspiration to make a
constructive structure  for
democratization is modernization. That is the high-quality clarification for
democratization and upgrading comprehension for the procedure closer to
democracy. The second additional theory  incorporates
those variables that can be assembled into economic preconditions which   they correlated. These variables  are  which
 are derived from  financial and  economic growth. Each theory recall the
results and influences of economic system on democratization.

Modernization

One
of the most longest standing theory  of
clarifications within the matter of why countries democratize is  defined  modernization. Within the first position outlined
within the 50s, amid a period that greatly later would become thought of as the
finish of the international second wave of democratization, modernization
theory  proposed that  economic factors were principal for
democratization to flourish in states over the sector.The well-known theorist ,
Lipset contended that distinct variables :wealth, urbanization and
industrialization would prompt the process. Every one of these variables that
have been mostly connected with what was named modernization and  were believed to be the large underpinnings of
democratization. 2

As
the state turned out to be more competent, because financial advancement and
the justification of state and society  relation because of modernization will push  democratization  to  turn
out to be more reasonable and progressively compelling. 3

In
any case, Lipset was not without his mistakes. Researchers in later years would
contend that modernization hypothesis was dependent on cases in Europe and North
America in which  author portrayed did
not dependably assume a steady part ,only based on the half part of the world .
4

Researchers
would come to censure many the suppositions and causal linkages of
modernization hypothesis. Some would turn around the causation and say that in
specific settings, authoritative could be upheld or engaged by the very factors
thought to maintain democratization under the modernization’s structure. 5

1
Seymour Martin Lipset, Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and
Political Legitimacy, The American Political Science Review, Vol. 53, No. 1
,1959, pp. 69-105

2
Seymour Martin Lipset, Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics, Expanded
Edition, 1981.

3
Ibid.

4
Julian Wucherpfennig , Modernization and Democracy: Theories and Evidence
Revisited , https://www.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/gess/cis/cis-dam/CIS_DAM_2015/WorkingPapers/Living_Reviews_Democracy/Wucherpfennig%20Deutsch.pdf  accessed 19.01.2018

5
Ibid.

x

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