Communist Manifesto, or The Manifesto of the Communist Party, was written by
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who gave Marx the credit to the basic thought
of Manifesto. These two writers go into
detail in explaining communism, the drive of history, class struggle, and the
stages of political evolution.
Marx, a German philosopher, historian, and economist, and Friedrich Engels, a
German philosopher, social scientist, and journalist, were hired by the
Communist League to explain communism in a pamphlet, but is now of course known
as the Communist Manifesto. The two
worked together in creating the Manifesto and became the creators of scientific
socialism, or the social-political-economic theory. Many find it to be the “single
most influential Marxist or socialists work” and “arguably one of the most
influential books ever written”. Their overall argument goes through the stages
of political evolution that are predicted to happen and will eventually lead to
to the Communist Manifesto, the driving force of history is struggle. The first
line of the manifest states, “The history of all hitherto existing society is
the history of class struggle.” Just a few examples given from the text to
support this claim are freeman and slave, oppressor and oppressed, and either
in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of
the contending classes. It is an
interesting thing to think about, the most widely known historical events
happen because one side has a struggle.
Conflicts happen and they make up history.
and Engels saw the opposing forces of the class struggle in the middle of the
nineteenth century to be between the proletariat and bourgeoisie. The proletariat is the “working” or lower
class, they do not own parts of production.
The bourgeoisie are the “capitalist” or upper class, many own factories
and businesses. “The proletarian is
without property; his relation to his wife and children has no longer anything
in common with the bourgeois family relations; modern industrial labour, modern
subjection to capital, the same in England as in France, in America as in
Germany, has stripped him of every trace of national character. Law, morality,
religion, are to him so many bourgeois prejudices, behind which
lurk in ambush just as many bourgeois interests.” Marx and Engels describe the
many differences between the two “opposing forces”.
The final stage is what Marx predicted would happen
eventually in time. He thought that
communism would make way into society and at some point, all property would be
publicly owned. Marx predicted that when “class distinctions have disappeared”
the public will lose their political nature. In this theory, people and their
work would be equal. The
authors described the steps leading up to the final step, communism. He believed the working class would take
power and control the government and people would be paid accordingly to their
time and labor. Marx and Engels also say that personal property will not be
converted in to social property, however it loses it class character.
nineteenth century workers find the Manifesto attractive because it gave a
clear explanation of why a communist revolution was inevitable. Workers of the nineteenth century did not
have it easy. They faced awful working conditions, wages were not exactly
ideal, and they experienced long hours. The workers went through low income and
hard jobs, it is easy to understand why they could find the Manifesto
attractive. It gave them hope for a
communist, and equal, economy. They
would be paid fairly for the labor they did and treated equally when it came to
conclusion, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels influenced the labor movement through
Marxist ideology, explained in depth in The Communist Manifesto. Known to be the
most influential book, it explains the theory of communism, the drive of history,
class struggle, and the stages of political evolution.