The over the cementing job, and misread
The Bp Deepwater Horizon accident was a problem associated with both faulty process safety culture. The disaster that took place could have been prevented if BP had been committed to safety first. On January 11, 2011, a commission of seven-member released a full report outlining the causes of the explosion. This explosion killed 11 crew members and leaked 4.9 million barrels of oil into the Gulf. It was confirmed by commission co-chairman, Bob Graham, that the incident would not have happened if the government regulators had held BP responsible for world-class safety standards. His findings were critical to the civil lawsuit filed by the United States Justice Department against Transocean, BP, and other companies involved in the spill. Graham demanded that the shareholders be held accountable for damages to the environment, and lawsuits filed by Gulf residents. These individuals livelihoods were altered due to the BP neglect. The explosion was ignited by the gas connecting to the well through the 5,000 ft riser pipe of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig. This was confirmed by another investigation. This went undetected for several vital moments. The reports also identified a series of violation that made the blow-out unavoidable. It confirmed that what lead to the explosion was a faulty cementing job conducted by Halliburton at the bottom of the well. The report also acknowledged that BP failed to exercise sufficient oversight over the cementing job, and misread a pressure test that notated the well had not been sealed properly. There was nothing to verify that BP’s engineering team conducted a formal safety test based on the evidence. They neglected to follow proper safety measures when analyzing the overall impact of the risk factors for a successful cement job. BP was also criticized for choosing a long string well design. The crew neglected to replace heavy drilling mud in the riser pipe with lighter seawater before the well was properly sealed. Transocean failed to communicate with its crew pertaining to the risks of deepwater drilling. These safety violations were documented months before the explosion. BP’s cost-cutting measures cut into their plant maintenance, training, investment in new and safer equipment. Its long record of safety violations and environmental accidents caused the life of innocent people.