The Downfall Of China Essay Research Paper

The Downfall Of China Essay, Research Paper

China is the perfect illustration of what happens when one leader is given to much

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power. The leaders of China were each really afraid of societal reform, and the

effects that outside influence may hold on their imposts. As a agency of originating

reform, they shut the full Western universe out about wholly. At the clip it was a

move that served China good but in the long tally it was the ruin of China. While

blindfolded, the Chinese were unable to see the great promotions of the Western

universe. With an egoistic authorities, the Chinese citizens were neglected outside of the

castle walls and the state fell to shambles. Alternatively of exciting economic growing the

authorities suppressed it as the remainder of the universe advanced. While focused on fright of

internal rebellion the Chinese leaders overlooked the position of their ground forces and were non

prepared for the remainder of the universe as they fell so far behind in about every promotion.

Had China remained in contact with the Western universe it would hold been possible for

them to be as advanced a civilisation as the Western universe.

As the Chinese authorities had their caput buried in the sand with concern over

losing control of their imperium, they neglected to keep the basic necessities of a

functional state. All of China & # 8217 ; s canals finally decayed as they were left unrepaired

for old ages, the ironworks that China one time prided itself one became disused with out a

2nd expression, and the ground forces itself was no lucifer for any Western ground forces. The merchandisers

were of no help to the hapless Chinese civilians as their net incomes on land and instruction.

Upon closing out the remainder of the universe China had forbidden the usage of a printing imperativeness.

The look of societal unfavorable judgment and intelligence of the outside universe was banned. The people

of China had no thought what was go oning. When the doors had been shut from the

outside universe Europe was non as extremely advanced as China. Europeans lived in crowded

metropoliss with gnawers and disgusting olfactory properties. The Chinese for a period of clip lived with the fresh

aroma of flowers and tea. As China internally decayed the citizens had nil to compare

it to for they had ever been in front of Europe in about everything for so many


After the 13th century Western civilisation flourished. In Western Europe the

authoritiess encouraged industrial growing and single commercialism as a agency of

maintaining in front of the competition. With each distinguishable state viing with each other a

assortment of single trades were created finally triping the Industrial Revolution.

As a consequence of to a great extent merchandising around the universe, each state became really affluent, and

as such their internal economic systems grew. In Great Britain without authorities suppression

on single companies they were able to construct the minute

st powerful navy in the universe, and

colonize in many different states. As China was enduring from economic putrefaction, they

paid no attending to the universe around them. They did non recognize that the remainder of the universe

was waiting to suppress China and split the profitss. When Chinese functionaries refused to

continue trading with the British they initiated the Opium Wars. The concluding consequence of the

Opium War was about lay waste toing. They were forced to subscribe an unjust pact with

Britain. Under the pact, the opium trade was legalized and the Guangzhou monopoly

was ended as Xiamen, Ningbo, Fuzhou, and Shanghai was besides opened to merchandise. The

island of Hong Kong became a British base and Britain established the right to oversee

and inspect a published duty construction on China & # 8217 ; s trade. Finally, China, already staggering

from trade instability, was compelled to pay a war insurance of $ 21 million.

China was really focused on maintaining the Japanese and Lusitanian plagiarists away

from their shores. While they were distracted every other European state continued to

construct their ground forcess at a rapid velocity. With new engineering, the Western universe left China

buttocks and continued to contrive more deadly arms. As China was busy contending off

marauders they had no excess clip to maintain up. As all of their Fe mills were disused

they had no cost, efficient method. Because of their military failing they lost all of the

Opium Wars which ensuing in stultifying economic losingss. Thinking that things couldn & # 8217 ; T

acquire worse internal disturbance led to the Taiping Rebellion, which resulted in the deceases of

twenty million people. The loss was yet another drastically unfavourable blow to the

Chinese economic system. Shortly following the Taiping Rebellion the Sino-Japanese War of

1894-1895 farther damaged China. The remainder of the universe was merely waiting to take a piece

of China at this point. The Boxer Rebellion merely made their state of affairs worse. The Chinese

needed reform and fast. It wasn & # 8217 ; t until January foremost, 1912 that Dr. Sun Yat-sen was to be

sworn in as the first president of the probationary authorities of China & # 8217 ; s new Republic.

Crippling licking during the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95

It was nescient on China & # 8217 ; s portion to presume that Europe wouldn & # 8217 ; t seek to colonise

their state. Had China non shut out the Western universe they would hold been able to

maintain progressing their ground forces & # 8217 ; s equipment. As a consequence they might hold been able to contend off

the British and the Gallic during the Opium Wars. The Russian & # 8217 ; s would hold been

happy to help in return for a trading understanding. Fortunately China ended up with a new

Republic and managed to keep order and take part in the last old ages of the

Industrial Revolution. In shutting, had China non shut out the Western universe as a agency of

defence they might hold been one of the taking states in the universe today.