The word colon corresponds to
two terms, ”colon” and ”rectum”. Both of them belong to the digestive
system. The colon is the word that is given in the last six or even the bowel
legs and the rectum is the term of the last few inches of the colon just before
the body leaves through rectum. Is the third most obvious cancer in the USA. It
hasn’t been found a cure yet. It is the third most deadly disease.
New circumstances of colon cancer are
analyzed each year and approximately 50.000 Americans die each year from this
disease. While these predictions are worrying, it is important to understand
that if it traps pretty early, colon cancer can rarely be cured.
The large intestine consists of four parts.
The first section is the colon extends upward on the right side of the abdomen.
The second section is the transverse colon as it passes from the body to the
left side. The third part the lower colon, which continues down to the left
side. The fourth section is the sigmoid colon due to the S. The sigmoidal colon
joins the anus or the opening where the rejection material passes through the
The cancer can develop in any of the fourth
parts of the colon or rectum. The symptoms of rectal cancer depend of the
location of the tumor, the right colon or the left colon. Cancer of the largest
and most flexible right colon often bleeds causing anemia but usually does not
block the colon because the stool is still fluid on the right side of the
colon. Cancer in the left colon can block the intestine, causing changes in
bowel habits and stool size. There may be dark red bleeding from the rectum or
blood in the stool, which may be long and narrow.
Other symptoms include abdominal or pelvic
pain, gas, vomiting, persistent constipation or diarrhea, weight loss and
weakness. Pain is a worrying problem with rectal cancer, often means that the
tumor develops in the nerves.
The cancer is apparent mainly in older
people over 50 years of age. However, it isn’t excluded that it may occur at
any age. If someone has a family history of cancer then there is a greater risk
of illness. 5% of people with squamous cell cancer are inherited.