The a young girl named Liesel Meminger

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights  vs. The Book Thief Franklin D. Roosevelt once said ” Books can not be killed by fire. People die, but books never die. No man and no force can abolish memory, ” on May 6, 1942 during World War II. World War II was the most gruesome war and had the most casualties between fifty million people and eighty million people. Despite of the rough impacts of the war, few years after the war,  the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was established. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, (UDHR), is a collection of thirty articles or rights that can violate and applies to every person and that can never be taken away. Although, in the novel The Book Thief, authored by Markus Zusak, takes place in World War II in Munich Germany where a young girl named Liesel Meminger is faced with several challenges, such as hiding a Jewish man named Max in her basement. However, Max Vandenburg’s and Liesel’s  had their  human rights violated countless times throughout the novel. Since both of their rights were violated, Liesel has felt a big impact from her rights and Max’s and she  has changed through the novel by becoming more disciplined, realizing the power of discrimination, and gaining more character traits such as being lovable and caring towards others. Although Liesel is an intelligent young girl, she makes mistakes especially when she walked home with her foster father Hans Hubermann . After the book burning, Liesel’s foster father, had a very crucial conversation with Liesel. In their conversation, Liesel was explaining her hatred for Adolf Hitler, also known as the Fürher. Liesel explained “Liesel could feel the slush of anger ‘I hate the Fürher…’ I hate him’…He Hans Hubermann clenched his eyes… then slapped Liesel Meminger squarely in the face … ‘ Don’t ever say that…'”( Zusak 116). Hans Hubermann slapped Liesel because she justified her hatred for  the Fürher out loud in public.If she had been loud enough for someone to hear her, she would have to been beaten or taken away, which is a human right violation on article #19. For instance, article #19 which is ” Freedom of expression. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and too share our ideas with our people…” was definitely violated for Liesel and this event changed her and made her realize the power of her words and became more disciplined. Liesel become more disciplined for her safety when talking about the Füherer by saying ,” Heil Hitler ” at school not explaining her opinion on the Nazi party in public. Which displays that Liesel understands what said could have put her in danger which made her more disciplined and more alert of her surroundings. During World War II, Hitler made it clear that he despised the Jews and did not want them in his country. Max Vandenburg, a fellow jew, came to the Hubermann’s to hide from the Nazi party because where he lived, the party was taking Jews from their houses and homes so Max escaped quickly. Though, when Max was staying in the Hubermann’s basement, an air raid came and he was unable to go to the air raid and Hans explained, ” It’s a shame we can not take you with us.. ” affected Liesle in numerous ways (230). This event was in Universal Declaration of Human Right violation article #25 which states , ” Food and shelter for all…Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled… have the right to be cared for..”(UDHR).Liesel realized that if an raid were to come across, Max Vandenburg would not survive due to him not being forbidden from going in the bomb shelter. Having Max unable to go to a bomb shelter made Liesel realize the terror of discrimination and made her more knowledgeable of the real world. Not only was Max at risk for being unable to go to the bomb shelter, but his health became a problem which affected Liesel in multiple ways. Due to the basements coldness and sick air, Max was becoming unstable and, ” Max Vandenburg could not withstand the basement much longer. He didn’t complain – he had no right- …” (213). Considering his condition, Rosa and Hans could not afford to take care of him nor take him to a doctor for which he could have been spotted which is in violation # 13 for it violated, ” Freedom to move… go where we want in our own country …”. Even though Max was in serious condition Liesel changed after this event . Did this event not only remind her of her younger brother, Werner who died, but this changed Liesel by having a stronger relationship with Max. If Max had not gotten sick Liesel wound not have gotten him those thoughtful gifts and not become more caring and sympathetic to Max. Liesel changed by becoming more lovable to Max. Since many UDHR violations kept reappearing, Liesel changed. Throughout the novel, The Book Thief, Liesel became more aware of her surroundings and changed her mindset around people. In any case, Liesel Meminger changed through the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Violations, and transformed as a character.


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