Sigmund which involves a boy’s desire for

Sigmund Freud was one of the most influential figures of the twentieth century and the inventor of psychoanalysis. While some parts of his theories remain controversial, much of his work has become such a fundamental part of our culture that it is taken for granted. Freud believed that the main areas of instinctual gratification and the erogenous zones moved across childhood in predictable stages. Freud developed the psychosexual theory that suggested that children develop through a series of stages related to the erogenous zones. His psychosexual development theory included five stages called oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. Each psychosexual stage had specific psychological characteristics to it. According to this theory, each stage of development must be fulfilled for proper development and if we lack proper nurturing and parenting during a stage, we may become fixated on that stage. The oral stage which begins from birth to age one is when the child derives pleasure from oral activities, such as sucking and tasting. Successful fulfillment of the infant’s feeding needs and proper weaning may result in the establishment of trust between child and parent. The anal stage takes place between ages one and three and the main source of gratification is the ability to control bladder movement and the elimination or retention of feces. The control they learn to exert over their bodily functions is manifested in toilet-training. They learn to exert their bodily functions and toilet-training is manifested in. Improper resolution of this stage such as the parent’s toilet training their children too early can result in a child who is uptight and overly obsessed with order. Than there’s the phallic stage which takes place between three to six years of age. According to Freud, it’s during this stage that preschoolers take pleasure in their genitals and begin to struggle with sexual desires toward the opposite sex parent. For a male boy this is called the Oedipus complex which involves a boy’s desire for his mother and his urge to replace his father who is seen as a rival for the mother’s attention. Than for the girl’s it’s called the Electra complex, which was actually later proposed by Freud’s protégé Carl Jung and involves a girl’s desire for her father’s attention and wish to take her mother’s place. Latency happens six to twelve years of age and in this stage, sexual instincts subside, and children begin to further develop the superego, or conscience. The individual spends most of his time interacting with same sex peers, engaging in hobbies and acquiring skills. After the age of twelve and onward is the genital stage and during this stage sexual impulses reemerge. If other stages have been successfully met, adolescents engage in appropriate sexual behavior which may lead to marriage and childbirth.


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