Settlers Effectss On American Indians Essay, Research Paper
Ever since the first Europeans inhabited America there has been a captivation with
its land. Its beautiful scenery and its rich dirt made, for the colonists, an attractive topographic point to
settee. Shortly after the settlements formed, the people started to accept agriculture as a manner of
life. Gradually the settlers became self-sufficing and finally broke all political ties
with their female parent state, England. In the distance the native Americans ( dubbed
American indians by the colonists ) watched as more and more Europeans came into their fatherland.
American authorities took advantage of the Indians by flim-flaming them into selling there
lands, non cognizant of what they were making, and coercing them off if they resisted. The
American indians became disquieted as they were invariably being shouldered off of their land. In order
to esteem each others infinite, pacts were made between the authorities and the assorted
folks of Indians. The find of gold, nevertheless, changed all of this. Instantaneously
the pacts were out of the inquiry and white colonists streamed into tribal lands. As
society kept billowing West and more pacts were broken, Indian folk either resisted or
were taken advantage of in the formation of other pacts. The beginning of capitalist economy
merely enhanced the Whites progress west. After the civil war ended people flowed into the
West in hunt of new land. Soon, railwaies were ploughing through Indian lands, so
telegraph wires, so stagecoach lines. The terminal consequence was the Indians lost their fatherland
and their manner of life. Because the Indians did non understand-until it was excessively late-the true
kernel of white civilization, their being as a people was basically doomed.
Part of the cause of the Indian? s ruin was related to certain premises that
they made sing the white civilization. One premise was that the Whites would contend
with award on the battleground, and that they would utilize tactics similar to those used by
Indian war parties. The honest manner of contending to an Indian was one on one, or one
warrior? s tactics and accomplishments against anothers. When they fought the Whites, nevertheless, they
found themselves up against non single work forces, but a group of soldiers contending in a line
together. This put the Indians at a serious disadvantage, and brought them to get the better of really
rapidly. Besides, they had ne’er heard of the maneuver of chase before. In the winter months,
when usually they would hold clip to rest and no folk would declare war, they found
themselves under onslaught from prosecuting American soldiers. The one premise that led
to the Indians losing about all of their land was that they thought they could keep Whites
to their word. Time after clip, Whites made pacts with folks, declaring a common
regard for each others land. While the Indians thought they were keeping up their terminal of
the pact, the Whites would occupy or force the folks off their cherished land to travel unrecorded & # 8211 ; at
gunpoint & # 8211 ; on an Indian reserve. The Black Hills in South Dakota were the most
sacred of all topographic points for the Sioux Indians. Under the Treaty of 1868, no white individual or
individuals shall be permitted to settle upon or busy any part of the district, or without
the consent of the Indians to go through through the same. By 1875 the pouch
ruddy evidences were
ridden with avaricious prospectors, pouring in from all over the state. This was merely one
illustration of many cases where Indians lost their land. Treaty-maker, James Steele
speaking to Cheyenne and Arapahos, ? We all to the full recognize it is difficult for people to go forth their
places and Gravess of their ascendants, but, unluckily for you, gold has been discovered
in your state & # 8230 ; ? ( Brown 100 )
Another thing the Indians did non understand about the Whites was the extent of
their? land greed? . Part of the? American Dream? was to ain land, so, white colonists
sought it out where it was plentiful & # 8211 ; in the West. The lone job was that it was
inhabited by Indians. To warrant the invading of Indian districts, the Americans came up
with Manifest Destiny. This said that, ? The Europeans and their posterities were
ordained by fate to govern all of America. ? ( Brown 8 ) Besides, it said that because the
Whites were the dominant race, they are responsible for all Indians and all that they own.
Now that it was morally all right, whites moved onto tribal lands, broke sacred pacts with
the Indians, and even fought with the Indians to acquire land of their ain. Finally, all of
the Indians would lose their lands to white colonists.
The one thing that doomed the Indians the most was the Whites finding to
achieve advancement. After the civil war America was left with a extremely productive economic system.
Capitalism emerged as a new force in society, rushing up the person? s gait of life.
Industry was dining, enterprisers established concerns everyplace throughout the
state as the Industrial Revolution brought engineering across the state like a mighty
Fe Equus caballus. Railroads smashed waies through Indian lands, garrisons sprang up around the
railwaies, so more garrisons. Communication increased with the innovation of the telegraph.
Soon, telegraph wires streamed from the West seashore to the east seashore. This, to the white
society, was advancement and the Indians were in the manner. The authorities sent soldiers to
implement the dehabitation of Indian lands. When a folk resisted they kidnapped their
heads, shot all of their Equus caballuss, and killed off the buffalo-their chief nutrient supply. From
1872 to 1874 3,700,000 American bisons were killed, merely 150,000 of them were killed by Indians.
( Brown 265 ) The white soldiers were excessively many for the brave Indian warriors to contend off,
and finally, they lost their battle for freedom.
The Indian manner of life was basically different from that of white civilization.
While the Indian was at peace with nature, the white adult male was destructing it, cutting down
its woods and working its natural resources. The Indian had no construct of clip other
than that of the Sun and of the seasons, while the Whites had concern deadlines and busy
agendas. Because of this huge difference in values, peaceable coexistence was non easy to
achieve. The Indians assumed that they could swear the Whites & # 8211 ; they were incorrect. They
idea they could halt prospectors from occupying their districts & # 8211 ; they were incorrect.
The white society would non halt every bit long as there was land to be had and money to be
made. ? They made us many promises, more than I can retrieve, but they ne’er kept but
one ; they promised to take our land, and they took it. ? ( Brown 449 )