Over 2,000 years, Woodworking was a huge part of many generations. They say that timber has been used, to build. Mostly useful, decorative things that are still used by people today. Woodworking helped create special skills that people started to develop. It became a huge part of society for back then to today. Woodworking became a huge part in architecture, religion, agriculture, and survival. If you didn’t know, every civilization in the world uses the skill of it to create so many things that we still use to this day.Egyptians were believed to basically invent the skill of Woodworking. The Egyptian drawings dated all the way back to 2000 B.C of the creations of beds, chairs, chests, stools, and tables. One of the most important part about woodworking is the Veneering. Veneering is the practice that glues the thin slices of wood together. The earliest examples that people found of the Veneering are over 5,000 years old, found in the tomb of Semerkhet. Ancient Egyptians mostly used Mortise and Tenon joints to join the timber pieces together. Then throughout the time they started used animal glue between 1570-1069 B.C. Axes, Adzes, chisel, pull saws and bow saws were the common tools of the early Egyptian woodworker. But Axes were one of the first tools created, mainly used to fell trees. The early Chinese civilization also promoted the art and culture of woodworking between 720 B.C. The Chinese started making tables, pots and furniture more throughout the time once they started pursuing the skill. Woodworking started up in many civilizations in the early years. Second civilization were the Japanese, who also promoted into the scenery. Their love and skillful work spread throughout the South East part of Asia. Lu Ban, also known as Gong Shu Ban, was born into a family that had been practicing carpentry for, many generations in the State of LU. Lu made ancient wooden robots, wooden horse carriages and coachmen that would help transport heavy military supplies along rough and rugged paths. So because of his exceptional skills and many inventions, Lu was remembered by successive generations as the Father of Carpentry in all Chinese history. Some of the master carpenter’s techniques and projects are recorded in “The Treatise of Lu Ban,” a book of folk carpentry which is still read today. Even folk carpenters still celebrate Lu’s birthday on the 13th day of the sixth month of each lunar year.The Romans pretty much invented each tool that we use today to do woodworking with. They came up with the auger which has a short wooden cross-handle attached to a steel shaft whose tip is a spoon-shaped bit. The Romans made two changes to the hand saw. They used the iron for the blades and also set the teeth to project left and right giving a wider cut and operation of the saw was smoother. Also, the Romans are responsible for the invention of the smooth plane. It’s used to put a final smooth surface on the wood after its finished. The Minoan civilization of Crete used a combination of axe-adze and invented the double-headed axe. The ax-adze was popular with Roman carpenters and their work.There were exactly 12 main periods of American Furniture that involved Woodworking. The first period was Early America which was from 1640-1700. Such as, Ornamental carvings, finials, raised panels and woodturnings were hallmarks of this time period. The variety they had were, pine, cherry, birch, maple, oak, and fruitwoods which were just a majority of hardwoods and softwoods. The earliest European settlers in America, arrived with only the most basic provisions to recreate their material existence. Most of them brought little in the way of furniture beyond a chest, small boxes, and other simple storage containers.The second period would be the Colonial which was from 1700-1780. The Colonial period was heavily influenced by pieces from England civilization during this time, although the American versions tended to be way less ornamental and more conservative. The finishes were often oil varnish, pain or wax over a stain. Mahogany, elm and walnut were also more predominantly used in this time period. Woodworkers tend to favor working with specific hardwoods. It’s often a matter of familiarity and comfort, as the woodworker has had good results with a specific wood so they may be inclined to avoid trying different hardwood species. Every hardwood has its tendencies, or maybe more appropriately for the craftsman, techniques for working with that particular hardwood they use.The Traditional Revival period was more about the revival of earlier periods, primarily the Colonial and Federal periods, bringing back the popular demand. This period pretty much relied on intricate inlays and veneers along with shapely turning to decorate what were primarily the straight lines. Woodworkers work with many types of wood, but in all honesty they have their favorites. Let’s be honest, everybody has their favorites. There are 6 popular types of wood that they love working on and making.The first main type of wood that is always used is Oak. It’s frequently stained a medium reddish brown. It’s used to make cabinets, furniture, flooring, trim, doors, and just about anything that can be used and made for wood. Maple was the second popular type of wood that was used, which is a light colored wood. It’s also used in furniture, flooring, trim and in places where a pale, light colored wood is needed. Out of all the popular types of wood, Walnut has to be the biggest interest. Its unique wood is a naturally rich, deep chocolate brown. Walnut never really gets stained and as the others, gets used in furniture, cabinets, and other essentials. Next, Cherry wood is the reddish brown appearance, which is usually found on finer furniture and trim. The second to last one is Birch wood. It’s most commonly used as plywood and tends to pop up in furniture. Last but not least, the last one is an inexpensive utility hardwood that’s used a lot. Such as upholstered furniture frames, veneer and is also stained, which makes it more costly and that’s Poplar wood.Most people have wanted to know what tools were used in the modern day for woodworking. There are very many types of tools builders have used. The power jointer and thickness planner were one. It developed means of straightening the edges of the hand held tools, the power jointer flattens the faces of rough or reclaimed lumber. The thickness planer is also huge time saver compared to other hand tools they used. Another tool they used was a circular saw that was used for dimensioning the wood. Hand saws, a router and two router bits are used for cross-cutting, straightening edges and cutting boards down the last piece.Rasps, files, sander and a smoothing planes are for smoothing all surfaces for the final touch of the project. These tools are also in need of a sharpening tool for afterwards or even maybe before to have a smoother surface. Most people now use more power tools rather than regular hand tools. Hand tools offer the advantage of precision. It takes more patience for fine carving and detailed work such as cabinetry and most furniture. The Disadvantages with hand tools is that it takes complete simple tasks. More skill is basically required to use hand tools rather than power tools. Let’s say when you want a straight line, you need the perfect calm hands. It’s much more difficult than when using a tool like a table saw with guide lines and high cutting power and speed.Using power tools has its advantages and disadvantages. Its advantages is obviously having the speed but also the scale. Let’s say you want to cut down a tree, it’d take longer using a hand saw rather than a power tool, because of the power and speed built in it. It’s impossible to drive a screw into hard floors and concrete walls with a hand screw driver wouldn’t it? The Disadvantages of power tools can sometimes be the power failing. The drive mechanisms, engines, gears and power connections usually wear out over time. You would usually need to oil, sharpen, and replacing parts and other repairs can be needed at times. The cost for power tools are expensive, especially to fix and replace them. Last part, are injuries. Because of the increase in power and high speeds, you need to be more aware of using the tools.People wonder just what tools really matter to the woodworking industry. The table saw is one of the most common used tools for working with wood. Then you have the Compound Miter Saw, which has become a fixture in the workshop and at the work site. Next is the Drill Press, which is nothing more than a fixed in place version of the hand drill. Afterwards, the Radial Arm saw is basically a portable circular saw that glides on an adjustable arm suspended over a fixed cutting surface. The Band Saw is great for a freehand and curved cutting. A portable belt sander can be used to remove a high volume of wood from a surface very quickly and with ease. A drill press can be applied to drill and bore holes, it also can be used to drill angled holes. The jointer is operated to give boards a straight edge and remove the small warps in a board. Including the table saw which is used to rip boards to certain widths, saw mitered joints, and crosscut boards and panels.The lathe is used to shape wood using a Chisel, with a lathe you can also make table legs, spindles, bowls, etc. A planer is used to Mill boards to exact desired thickness. It also can turn rough boards into surfaced boards. Marking gauges excel at cutting a line parallel to the edge of a board, which is vital for laying out accurate tendons, mortises, and the baseline for dovetail joints. Bevel Gauge has a pivoting blade that can be locked into any angle, a bevel gauge is useful for transferring angles from plans to workpieces and setting table saw blade angles.They are also commonly used to lay out dovetails. Card Scrapers are great for smoothing out tricky grain like tiger maple, or when you’ve got a small bit of tear out on an otherwise clean board. They’re cheap, easy to sharpen, and last forever. Spokeshave is another tool that can wait until you’ve developed a bit of skill. It’s probably the most overlooked tool in most shops. It’s actually a short-soled hand plane with handles on the side, rather than in front of and behind the blade. Great for smoothing band sawn curves, the tool is available with either a flat or a curved sole.The most important thing about Woodworking is what people think about it and what it does for them. Woodworking gives people something to do and experience. They say it gives them a project, and how it’s a challenging task. It’s not simple enough to get boring, and it’s not complicated enough to create anxiety for them. It forces you to be patient, because even the littlest rush can mess up the whole project you’re working on. The work can be as technical as you want it to be, using as many tools as you think you need.You can work on as many projects that you want and there’s no limit. The skills you learn are transferable and you can pass them down to each generation to the next for them to use. But there’s always new things to add and learn. You create something everyone can appreciate and use every day. Creating cabinets, tables, shelves, etc. People started gaining interest in woodworking in high school when they took woodshop.Classes in the industrial arts were first introduced to secondary schools in the 1880s, and for the next century, taking a course in woodworking was a common educational rite of passage for young men. They taught all men manual skills that they could use and enjoy throughout their lives, whether they became a carpenter or whatever. They were considered part of becoming a well-rounded man – one able to use both his hands and his mind. It teaches them how to work with wood being handy, but also allowing you to make and fix things around the house, but gives you a satisfyingly connect with a long history of craftsmanship. Woodworking was one of the earliest skills mankind developed. The pre-industrial world was largely made of wood, and for thousands of years, all men had at least a rudimentary understanding of how to shape and manipulate it. Up until the second half of the last century, tradesmen and professionals alike had the confidence to be able to build wooden shelves, cabinets, or even chairs for their family. It has been transformed from a common necessary skill into something almost mysterious or awe-inspiring. In Conclusion, the art today and passion of woodworking has been passed down to today’s generation and will be passed on to the next. Kids taking classes in high school and in college will help build up the passion for it. Now with the technology we use, it’s a lot easier and hands on for them to learn. Electricity made it possible to escape the line and bring the tool anywhere, so when you can take your project anywhere you need it. Machines, for example, has made us able to mass-produce and reproduce products faster, with less waste, and often more complex in design than it has ever before. Rechargeable power tools speed up creation of many projects and require much less body strength than in the past. It still requires patience needed to stay focused on the project.Today’s woodworkers may be well taught in traditional mortise and Tenon’s and chamfering, but their creations come with a contemporary twist, shapes or materials that keep their furniture edgy rather than old fashioned. Wood was a material that was easy to work with and shape, so artisans used it in many diverse ways. They created weapons and siege devices from wood. Building houses, temples, boats, furniture, plows, and even coffins using local woods, or for special needs, imported fine, aromatic woods from distant lands. As the civilizations advanced, they invented new tools to cut and shape the wood, or improved existing ones. Most of the hand tools woodworkers’ use today have changed a little since ancient times.