Known for its diversity and famous
for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio De Janiero,
Brazil is a country in South America. It extends from the Amazon Basin in the
north all the way down to the vineyards and massive Iguacu falls in the south.
It is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. Also it is
the fifth largest country only by area which is about 8.5 million square
kilometers. Brazils capital is Brasilia and its population is 207.7 million as
of the year 2016. The official language that is spoken in Brazil is Portuguese.
The climate for the most part is tropical but it is temperate in the south.
(“Brazil Information,” n.d.)
The country’s culture is rich and
diverse due to its continental dimensions, varied geography, history and
people. It has an extremely large regional variations and even though they all
speak the same language, some regions differentiate from each other that they
look like different countries in all. Music is a significant part in the
Brazilian identity. There are many different genres in music like samba, choro
and the bossa nova. Caipira music in Brazil is similar to American country
music. Brazilian most popular music, which blends many national styles under a
single concept. North-eastern happy dancing music style in Brazil is called
Forro which has also become familiar nationwide. Brand new urban styles include
funk which is a name given to a type of dance. Music genre from Rio’s favelas
that combines heavy electronic beats and some raunchy rapping. Techno Brega is
a crowd pleaser in northern states, that involves romantic pop, dance music and
caribbean music. Brazilian funk is the most popular type of music they listen
to. It has a constant and repeated beat that is always the same, it never
changes. They keep the beat, and sing songs to it. There are more than 1000
songs that are funk. You might think that people get tired of the same beat,
but no. It is so impressive that there are so many songs that it never gets
old. Funk could be considered tradition because of its strength in rhythm, and
bringing people together.
A mixture of martial arts, dance,
music and game, capoeira was created
by African slaves brought to Brazil, mainly from Portuguese Angola. Distinguished by vivacious
complicated movements and accompanying music, it can be seen and practiced in
many Brazilian cities.
In the classical music, Neoclassic
Period is particularly notable, due to the works of composers like Heitor
Villa-Lobos and Camargo Guarnieri, who created a typical Brazilian school,
mixing elements of the traditional European music to the Brazilian rhythms,
while other composers like Cláudio Santoro followed the guidelines of the
Second School of Vienna. In the Romantic Period, the greatest name was Antonio
Carlos Gomes, author of some Italian-styled operas with typical Brazilian
themes, like Il Guarany and Lo Schiavo. In the Classical Period, the
most prominent name is José Maurício Nunes Garcia, a priest who wrote both
sacred and secular music and was very influenced by the Viennese classical
style of the 18th and early 19th century.