Silverman, and Baroudi (2010) suggest that, when choosing a food safety scheme
for a company, it is very important to make sure that the scheme fits the
organization perfectly. Crandall, Van Loo,
O’Bryan, Mauromoustakos, Yiannas, Dyenson, and Berdnik. (2012) conclude that it is imperative to select the scheme
that best suits the enterprise by knowing well the requirements of the rules,
and the customers.
is a vital reason, especially when a significant number of European agri-food
distribution companies demand that their suppliers meet some type of standard.
So, if the customer demands a certain standard, reasonably, a necessary step to
maintain the business relationship in the medium and long term is to certify by
that scheme (Higgins, 2011).
deciding which standard to be certi?ed by, a company should ask its customer(s)
if they prefer a specific certification scheme. Jacxsens, Boxstael,
Nanyunja, Jordaan, Luning and Uyttendaele. (2015) show that the organization can also visit with
fellow processors that are GFSI certi?ed and discuss with them what scheme they
are certi?ed by and why they chose that scheme.
Nationality of your foreign clients and the diffusion of the norm:The origin of clients is a very important aspect. Depending on their countries of origin or nations where they operate, customers can demand one or multiple standards. BRC began by addressing the needs of British distributors (members of the British Retail Consortium) servicing worldwide retailers and manufacturers of own-brand products, especially in the United States and South America. About five years ago, there were 13,000 BRC-certified suppliers in more than 100 countries. In the case of IFS (International Food Standard), the number of certified companies was 17,000 worldwide in 2012. That year it appeared to be the most globally widespread, having been translated into 20 languages. While BRC was available in only 10 the same year (Crandall et al., 2012). Bogadi et al. (2016) point out that the IFS standard is widely found in Europe, with a strong presence in the countries of origin (Germany, France and Italy). It is also the most prevalent standard in Spain and has a presence in the American continent and Asia: a total of 96 countries. Currently, the IFS standard has seen a strong expansion in the number of certification audits. Natu’oil Services (2016) invites us to believe that IFS could become one of the most requested quality and food safety standards in the future—something quite important to evaluate when deciding on one rule or another.