INSTITUT negatives traits of Moshe Dayan as
KEPIMPINAN DAN PENGURUSAN
KAPT MOHS SUKRI BIN MD ZAINUN TUDM (374956)
KAPT BASIR BIN IDRIS TUDM (374451)
KAPT ADAM BIN OTHMAN
“If you want to make peace, don’t talk to your
friend, you talk to your enemies”.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. TABLE OF CONTENTS 2
2. INTRODUCTION 3
3. AIM 4
4. SCOPE 4
Moshe dayan Personal Background 5
Principle for Moshe Dayan 9
Traits of Moshe Dayan 9
Traits of Moshe Dayan 12
Learnt in relation to the Principle chosen 13
5. CONCLUSION 14
6. RECOMMENDATIONS 15
7. BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCES 17
A. PPB (MAL) 100 Malaysian Armed Forces Staff
Manual, Volume 1, Service Writing (Provisional).
for Ex. Panglima For Squadron Officer Course Serial 89/19 dated 26 Jan 18.
1. Moshe Dayan was a famous icon of
Israeli Military leader and politician. He was born in May 1915 in. He started
his military life at the age of 14 when he joined Haganah the Jewish military
organization against Arab attacks. He retired from military at the age of 66
and involved in politic 2 year later until his death on 16 October 1981 due to
serious heart attack.
his life, he has been involved in seven wars between 1936 until 1973. He was a very
experienced military personnel because he rising through lower rank until he
was appointed as Chief of Staff in Israeli Defence Force. He was a good
negotiator during Armistice Agreement with which led to a long term peace
agreement with Jordan. The most significant about Moshe Dayan is when he played
a major role in tremendous short time victory in Six Day War. He was also responsible
for the total failure of Israeli Defence Force in Yom Kippur War.
aim of this paper is to explain the positives and negatives traits of Moshe
Dayan as a one of the Israeli top leader and to explore the leadership as a
lesson learnt in recent modern day warfare and conflict.
4. The paper will be divided accordingly
to this scope:
a. Leader background.
b. Chosen principle to describe the leader.
c. Positive traits.
d. Negative traits.
e. Lesson learnt in relation to the
5. Moshe Dayan was an Israeli military
leader who later became icon for peace. He played a major role in seven wars
and helped negotiate the Israel-Egypt peace treaty. He was born in 20th
May 1915 on Kibbutz Deganya Alef, near Lake Kinneret. He is the youngest son
for his parents Shemuel and Devorah.
6. He was only 14 years old when he joined
the Haganah, an underground organization that defended Jewish settlements from
Arab attacks. In the Haganah, he learned guerilla warfare from British Captain
Charles Orde Wingate. He served with the special police force in the Jezreel
Valley and Galilee during the riots of 1936-1939. He was arrested and
imprisoned for two years when the British outlawed the Haganah. He was released
in 1941 and joined the British army where he served with the forces that
liberated Lebanon and Syria from Vichy France during World War II. He was
wounded in battle in Lebanon and lost his left eye where he began to wear the
black eyepatch and later became his trademark. He cooperated with British
intelligence to set up a broadcasting network for clandestine operations behind
enemy lines in the event that Palestine should fall to the Germans. He remained
active in the Haganah until 1948.
7. In 1948 he was involved in War of
Independence and commanded the defence of Jewish settlements in the Jordan
Valley. He later commanded the battalion attacked the city of Lydda and helped
stop the progression of Egyptian forces
on the southern Israel. He was appointed commander on the East Jerusalem where
was involved in negotiation with Abdullah el Tell, Jordanian Military Commander
of East Jerusalem without acknowledgement of his superior regarded Armistice Agreement. In 1949, he as head delegation in
armistice talks with Jordanian at Rhodes. Dayan’s military skill and experience
authorized him as chief of operations at General Headquarters in 1952. Later
with his ability and experience, he was elected Chief of Staff of the armed
forces in 1953.
Dayan became Chief of Staff the Arab nation’s remained aggressive, still a
maritime blockade, economic boycott, promoting political and propaganda warfare
and supporting terrorism who against Israeli despite the military armistice of
1949. The Israeli government was unable to control the terrorist violence and
to counter the terrorism. His military objective was to fight an
offensive war on enemy territory instead
of being dragged into a war on Israeli land. He
was prepared the Israeli Defence Force by strengthened combat units, raising
the intelligence and training branch, procured adequate equipment, emphasis of
strike force and training the commando. Dayan
insisted on strong retaliation operations. He wanted to stop the Arab terrorism
due to his view was that the Arabs terrorism as a stage of war and need to stop
properly because he believed when terrorist attacks continued the Arabs will
build up their military strength. He wanted to force the Arabs into open battle
before they gained full military power. Under his command Israeli no longer
defensive force and became offensive force. The Israeli military launched raids
in Gaza and other retaliatory missions causing heavy casualties and damage to
the Arab populations. After Egypt, Syria and Jordan signed a pact to destruct
Israel October1956, he led Israel on Suez campaign that an invasion of the
9. Dayan left the military in 1958 and entered
his political career. He joined Israel’s Labor Party, Mapai, and was elected to
the Knesset in 1959. During his political career, he appointed as Minister of
Agriculture under government of David Ben- Gurion from 1959 until 1964. In
1964, After an argument with new Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, Dayan resigned as
Minister of Agriculture and joined Ben-Gurion in forming Rafi (Israel’s Workers
Party). But, one year later, Dayan was reelected to the Knesset representing
Rafi, which later he rejoined the Labor Party.
10. Dayan’s reputation as an effective leader
grew when he was appointed Minister of Defence just in time for the Six-Day War
in 1967 Arabs. Dayan directly made the decision and ordered to launch a
full-scale attack against the Arabs. With his experience and decision Israeli
succeed in this war just in six days. He also play a major role that ended the
fighting by arranging a cease-fire with Arabs through the UN Observer Corps. After the war, Dayan controlled the
territories occupied by the Israeli. He opened the borders for Arab residents
of the territories to travel to Arab countries while maintaining order and
security in Israeli-held areas.
11. Dayan made a demand construction of
Yamit, a new Israeli port city in Egyptian territory in 1973. However, Egyptian
force launched a surprise attack against Israel before the Yamit progressed and
Yom Kippur War began. Dayan led the total Israeli’s failure Israeli on Yom
Kippur War and resulted Israeli unable to afford and conduct a prolonged war because
short of equipment and recourse. Although the cease-fire was declared on
October 22 Israeli still received attack and was unprepared for the surprise
attack and unable to response it quickly. Dayan was blamed for this situation
and public demanded his resignation. The Supreme Court set up a commission to investigate
the performance of generals during the war led the resignation of the Chief of
Staff. However, Dayan submitted his resignation in 1974 after the press and the
public, condemned him.
12. Despite the controversial situation of
the Yom Kippur War in 1977, newly elected Prime Minister Menachem Begin gave
him a second chance by appointed him as Minister of Foreign Affairs. With his
experience and capability Begin believed he could significantly influence
Israel’s moves towards in achieving a peace arrangement with Arabs. He began
negotiating with the Arabs with the basis of receiving an Arab acceptance of Judea,
Samaria and Gaza as Israeli teritory, and return Sinai to Egypt. He negotiated
for 18 months, and held secret meetings with officials in India, Iran, England and
Morocco which lead a peace agreement was drawn up and signed at 11 p.m. on 17 September
13. In 1979, Dayan resigned as Foreign
Minister when he disagreed about the building of settlements in the territories
policy and frustrated because he was not lead the autonomy talks with the Palestinians.
He also upset with Begin that bypassed him as Capasit as Foreign Minister on foreign
policy issues and he formed the Telem party in 1981. The party received only
two mandates in the subsequent elections.
14. On 14 May1979, Dayan was diagnosed with colon
cancer. He died on 16 October 1981 due to serious heart attack in Tel Aviv and
was buried in Nahalal, the place where he was raised.
15. BE-KNOW-DO Leadership Model. The
Be-Know-Do Model of leadership has been introduce by Erick K. Shinseki who are
retired General of United States Army during his appointment as Chief of Staff.
It has been published in the United States Army Leadership Manual in year of
1999. The framework of this leadership model apply to all the leaders in
military no matter what position they are holding. The BE consist of the value
of the leader itself which consist of loyal, duty, selfless, respect, honor,
and courage. This character or attribute of a leader is a basic foundation where
it show the ability to lead. The meaning of KNOW is a set of skills and
knowledge that a leader must have which is interpersonal skill, conceptual
skill, technical skill and tactical skill. All of this will be perfected with
DO which is the act of a leader themselves that bring together what they
believe and they know how to do to provide purpose, direction and motivation to
their man in achieving preferred goal.
model of leadership suits perfectly for Moshe Dayan as it is an army conceptual
guidance for being a good leader. All of
the achievement that Dayan had during his life as a political and military
leader is a proof for other leader to apply this leadership model in whatever
appointment they hold.
17. BE. Moshe Dayan show the
character of a leader when he remain loyal to Israeli from the beginning of his
military career until he died. He remain duty in service even though he was
nearly killed and lost his left eye. The negotiation in armistice agreement at
Rhodes show that Dayan was a respectful leader when he honor the treaty that
gives Israel a long term ceased fire with Jordan in 1949. After he was promoted
to Chief of Staff, Dayan show the courage to change from a defensive and
diplomatic approach to an offensive military affair.
18. KNOW. His experience and
knowledge in guerilla warfare during his service in Haganah military undercover
made him the best candidate to lead the newly establish special force of Israel
Defense Force. The tactical skill shown during Six Day War prove to be the
biggest achievement for Dayan when Israel win a huge victory against Arab
country in a very short time. He able to understand both own forces and enemy
forces when he order a full-scale air offensive after he detected the adversary
weakness and achieve dominant air supremacy.
19. DO. Moshe Dayan ability to
influence his subordinate and make them believe that peace can be achieve for
their country is the reason behind his successful. By doing that, he was able
to motivate his forces to follow his path.
He took the initiative to launch a full scale attack against Arabs (Egypt,
Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon) during Six Day War from 5-10 June 1967. The
attack was successful within very short time. He
carefully planned the war’ strategy, frequently rehearsed, and extraordinarily
well coordinated pre-emptive attack by the Israeli Air Force (IAF) on Arabs
airfields and aircraft. the plan of attack was actually conceived four years earlier,
in 1963. The 0745 time-on-target first strike was chosen due to less alertness
after the morning dawn patrols were over and most pilots and ground crews were
breakfasting. It also to give pilots and crew IAF have enough sleep time and
approximately start to work on 0400h which is good for down strike. Also, at
this time of year the heavy morning mist and completely clear by 0800h
considered of the sun angle. During 15 minutes before 0800h almost Arab
Commander and key personal are on their way to work led great opportunity for
IAF to attack.
21. Experience. He was a commander who had a fantastic
knowledge about own force and enemy. He was rise through lower rank until
became Israel Defence Force Chief of Staff. He was experienced military
personnel due to involve in battle field since he was 14 years old. He involve
in seven wars during his life such as Arab Revolt in Palestine, World War II,
Arab-Israel War, Suez Crisis, Six Day War, War of Attrition and Yom Kippur War.
With his well experience in many wars he was appointed as Chief of Staff,
Southern command, Northern Command and commander of 89th Battalion.
He was upset after the failure of Israel against Syrian Army. He dare to
changed Israel in to an aggressive force with his commencement as Chief of Staff.
military objective was to fight an offensive war on enemy territory instead of being dragged into a war on
Israeli land. He was prepared the Israeli
Defence Force by strengthened combat units, raising the intelligence and
training branch, procured adequate equipment, emphasis of strike force and
training the commando. During Six Day War, the timing and tempo achieved in the
opening air raids was perfect, with all Israeli aircraft in the first attack wave
arriving at ten different Egyptian bases at precisely 0745. This excellent
timing continued with each ensuing attack wave arriving every ten minutes which
resulted Israeli tremendously win the war within six day destroyed almost Arabs
23. Enthusiasm. He remains loyal and sacrifices to
Israeli from the beginning of his military career until he died. He joined
military force at 14 years old and rises through the rank and became the Chief
of Staff which is highest rank in Israeli Defence Force. He was involved in
many wars during his military service. He remains his duty in duty even though
he was nearly killed and lost his left eye in one of the battle that he was
involved. He served for Israeli about 52 years until he died to make Israel one
of the most powerful country in the world.
24. Arrogant. Dayan is a symbol of an
arrogant Israeli and over confident in achieving victory in every war he
participated especially in the Six Day War. With his attitude and determination
then led to Israel’s failure in the Yom Kippur War in 1973. With his directive
and decision led to the total failure Israel might be affect from his confusing
predictions and mental health problems from the war that he involved.
He was disobeyed an order from his superior over Armistice Agreement. He was
involved in negotiation with Abdullah el Tell, Jordanian Military Commander of
East Jerusalem without acknowledgement of his superior, Major-General Zvi
Ayalon OC Central Command and found guilty by court-martialled. He was demoted
from Lieutenant Colonel to Major rank. This not prevents him from attending the
armistice negotiations on Rhodes. Finally, he was appointed head of all Israeli delegations to the Mixed Armistice
LEARNT IN RELATION TO THE PRINCIPLES CHOSEN
26. Moshe Dayan self belonging to his country
is a recipe of successful in his military and political career. His leadership
attribute can be adapted to our RMAF officer to be implement. As a RMAF Officer,
we should take Moshe Dayan as an example which he always place
ahead of his own self interests in many ways. Service before self does not mean
you stop taking care of your families. Our families are a critical element of
the Air Force family. Our service should enhance their health; morale and
welfare not take away from it. While Air Force duties take up a large chunk of
our time, we must take every opportunity to spend time with our families and
involve ourselves in their lives too. This principle of service before self
also does not mean we as RMAF Officer should not pursue higher education,
participate in off-duty activities or pursue personal and professional
development. The Air Force desires well-rounded Officer who are physically,
mentally and spiritually grounded. It is beneficial when these extra-curricular
pursuits align with service and mission requirements.
a conclusion, Moshe Dayan was one of the greatest military leaders in a world of
incessant small wars since World War II. He was not perfect, but no other
Israeli was more responsible for bringing Israel through all its perils on the
brink of destruction to its present opportunity for peace through strength.
him or hate him, Dayan has shown the great achievement qualities during his career.
Who else in Israel history has shown such courage, determination, leadership,
patriotism and vision.The great confidence and physical strength that drove him
apparently also gave him a self-destructive feeling of invincibility. Leader
or ruler of an army or country needs to have democratic and diplomacy relations
with its area countries. This could
assist in developing its country from the social, economy and politic
perspective while ensuring foreign investors invest in their country. However, Moshe dayan being a self-centred
person which did not care about this perspective. He change Israeli Defence force approach with
its own perspective.
Israel was a small country initially. Dayan has transformed it to the power
full military, he ensures his country is safe, strong and respected by others. Dayan
does this by concentrating strengthen Israel Defence Force.
30. In Israeli history, Dayan stands tall as
one of the most important military and political figures to grace the nation.
Despite his controversial nature, Dayan performed tasks not only as a military
leader, but as a statesman as well. Not only he did help a young Israel
establish its independence and safety at one point in his career, but he later
took on the task of guiding the still fledging nation during a very tumultuous
time period. Though not every Israeli citizen, or world citizen for that
matter, agrees that Dayan made the right decisions, one thing is certain: he
made the decisions that he did without hesitance and with his nation’s best
interests at heart.
MOHD SUKRI BIN MD ZAINUN
Sub Syndicate Group 2 Leader