In transmitting packets can be identified. Route

 In recent years there is advancement in the
computer performance,technologies in mobile communications. Wireless networks
want  networks in which mobile nodes will
connect over line. In MANETs, network safety is essential by that the battery
extent of the nodes be not strong. Thus to continue the network span the
routing protocol is needed to increment the intensity of the node. Multiple routing
protocols stay paths to flood the packets i.e., route appeal is managed by the point
of supply to achieve reality in concerning the ways. MANETs will be classified
into three generations: first, second and third generations. In 1970’s the ad
hoc network first generation are called Packet Radio Network (PRNET). In early
1980’s Survivable Adaptive Radio Network (SURAN)is evolved from PRNET. The
function pack of MANETs formed the routing code regulated and fix the agents
like PDA’S, palmtops, notebooks. Few codes like Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11(WLAN’S)
are developed to maintain the MANETs. For several years from 1970’s to 1990’s
there are changes in the generations of MANET i.e., finally some standards are
made to maintain the MANET. Energy efficiency is to be regarded as a factor in
MANET. Mainly the packets are transmitted based on the:

 

·       
Distance
of the route

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·       
Residual
Energy of the node.

                     Thus the route that is
efficient and likely in transmitting packets can be identified. Route appeal is
controlled by the source to discover the route that is suited. All the ways   that are made   can be find .The facts about the nodes
energy aligned and the connections are directed to accomplish the Route Reply.
At any time the channel breaks, the Route Error is transmited. When this occurs
the source transmit the package over the path to the destination without any
interruption. This can be done with the multipath routing protocol which are referred
to the one path routing protocol. In one path routing once the link splits the
packets cannot be transmitted. Whereas in multiple routing additional routes
can be refered to send the data packets. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is
the algorithm from which the fitness function is derivative. Fitness Function
is mostly used to find the optimal path.The optimum path is  the one with:

·       
Less
distance and

·       
Exhaust
less energy.

              The optimal path minimizes the
energy loss and increases the network period. Thus the proposed FF-AOMDV
performance in maximizing the network lifetime is possible in comparison with
the AOMDV.