In crackdown on corruption now before it
In response to the growing issue, North American and European operations, such as the Commission of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ), Security Council (SC), General Assembly (GA), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), International Maritime Organization (IMO), and the task forces derived from these programs worked to secure ships, improve defensive technology, and rewrite legislation that allowed piracy and armed robbery to reach its newest low in 2017 with only 188 reports through the entire year. The United Nations Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT), recognized the dangers of piracy becoming a beneficial organized business as it already did in Somalia. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) helps clearly define piracy for the passing of information around internationally in Article 101, and the United Nations Development Programme warns developing countries to crackdown on corruption now before it is used as a tool for widespread chaos. In an effort to raise prosecution levels, General Assembly’s Model Treaty on Extradition states the ground through which states can reject a request to transfer suspected or prosecuted criminals from another country. The UNODC’s Counter Piracy Programme (CPP) works with Kenya, the Republic of Seychelles, Mauritius, Tanzania, Somalia, and the Maldives by providing training of police forces, forensic equipment to better convict criminals, interpreters to break the language barrier in the court of law, legislation, facilities, and extradition participation to make prosecution more common and effective. Donna Leigh, the UN chair on piracy in Somalia, believes that the glamorization of piracy can be squashed by mass prosecutions, forcing more citizens to turn to other options. Since the UN Security Council passed resolutions 1814, 1816, 1838, 1846, and 1851 which authorized states to patrol and pursue Somalian pirates, the UNODC has become an extremely committed asset to piracy and armed robbery especially as it continues to evolve. To continue solving safety and order at sea, political, economic and social instability, the UNODC fill the loopholes within state and international legislation to compliment any new initiatives, and to assist navy and anti-piracy forces that are spread wide across the mass of the ocean. The UNODC continues to search for alternative livelihoods through cooperation for info, new policies and improving criminal justice systems. The UNODC has funded the President of Puntland, Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas, and opened the biggest prison on the Horn of Africa in April 2014 that can hold up to 500 pirates. The UNODC has to ensure that prisons like these will have fair trials and security while the Piracy Prisoner Transfer Programme ensures the convicted are delivered to serve sentence. Their Global Programme against Money Laundering denies profits by stopping cash flow. To ensure the long-term effects of their efforts, the UNODC aims to educate young Somalis and other impoverished countries to raise awareness and encourage the avoidance of such a crime.