Statement of the Question: How does the solid waste management program and implementation differ in a developed city like Toronto as compared to a third world mega city like Manila, Philippines?
Definition of the problem: Different areas around the world have different means to deal with their solid waste problem. Waste management, for as its intended use in this paper refers to the collection and disposal of municipal solid waste. The research intends to delve into the waste management program of Toronto, Canada which is located in a developed country and compare it with that of the city of Manila situated in the developing country of the Republic of the Philippines. Developed countries are those countries highlighted by a high GPA, literacy, educational attainment. birth rate and over all quality of living as well as low death rate and infant mortality. The City of Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the largest city in Canada. It is Canada’s economic hub and is a major global city. Toronto has a very low crime rate, a clean environment and a high standard of living. In a developing country however, industries are centered on cities. This attracts people from all over the country, creating a gap between the rich and the poor. The City of Manila is the capital of the Republic of the Philippines. Manila is home to a thriving metropolitan area and contains over 10 million people. The city is considered an important cultural and economic center. These developments have been accompanied by the problems of overpopulation, waste management and pollution.
Relevance of the problem:
Waste management is a grave environmental problem of the world today. The world’s human population produces more waste than it can collect and dispose. Thus, waste management is of prime importance in any region. Solid waste, when accumulated, poses serious health hazards either by direct contamination or by indirect means. Directly, solid wastes may contain chemicals or irritants that pose a serious health hazard to the surrounding community. Indirectly, solid wastes are breeding grounds for parasites, vectors and other organisms capable of causing diseases to human hosts. In developed countries, the government as well as the private citizen is aware and instrumental in their waste management programs. However, in developing countries, various factors and problems contribute to a significant difference in terms of policy and implementation.
Key areas to be discussed
– Discusses the difference of the two countries in terms of standard of living, income and poverty levels and other factors. This includes a brief view into the political system of each city. It also discusses laws pertaining to solid waste management and the literacy and competence of the inhabitance of the city in implementing the policies
The difference of the waste management program of Toronto with that of Manila
-Discusses the difference in the degree of awareness regarding solid waste management. It also delves into the policies regarding segregation, Collection and recycling. Differences in the methods of waste disposal will also be discussed as well as a focus on the waste picking activities in Manila.
The reason behind the differences
Discusses the effect of the difference in economic status to the difference in the methods of waste management
Globalization and World Cities – Study Group & Network accessed February 11, 2007 at http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/citymap.html