Haman Rights are the ideas enforced by law to protect basic human essentials such as, freedom. These rights are applied to all human beings regardless of race, ethnicity, age and religion. However, human rights haven’t always been around, one of the first policies introduced was by King Henry II in 1166 this was known as abolition of trial by combat and trial by ordeal the abolition aimed to introduce trial by jury which ensured a more ‘fair trial’. The next document was the Magna carta of 1215, this was a charted agreed by the English King John to make peace between him and the rebels. The carta protected the rebels from illegal imprisonment as well as protecting church rights and swift justice, it also allowed people to appeal imprisonment without trial. In 1647 a group known as the levellers pushed for “an agreement of the people” which called for freedom of conscription and liberty of conscience in matters of religion. The levellers also stated that laws should be applied to all regardless of estate, place of birth and qualifications. A few years later in 1689 the bill of rights was written by parliament after the glorious revolution. Freedom from unfair fines without trial and cruel punishment were some of the things included in the bill. In 1789 during the French revolution the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen was introduced by general Lafayette and Thomas Jefferson. The purpose of the declaration was to denounce human rights as universal and forever applicable, this declaration was inspired by the enlightenment and highly impacted thoughts of democracy and freedom worldwide. Following the first world war the Representation of People Act was introduced in 1918, this act gave women over the age of 30 a right to vote consequently women were able to candidate for parliament and ten years later all adult women in the UK were allowed to vote. In 1948 the universal declaration of human rights was passed due to the tragedy which was world war 2. The declaration proclaimed human rights to be a common obligation which should be applied to all human beings and all nations. The universal declaration of human rights was the first act to passed to acknowledge that human rights were an essential and had to be universally respected (declaration was translated to 500 languages and Eleanor Roosevelt was photographed holding the Spanish version).
There were many important figures which cooperated in the development of human rights some of the most famously known are John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, William Wilberforce, Martin Luther King, Mahatma Ghandi and Malala Yousafzai. All of the figures fought for different things but aimed for the same thing in the long run which was equal rights for all. John Locke was one of the most influential thinkers during the enlightenment period who in his famous work the two treaties of government explains the importance of natural law and affirms the rights of life, property and liberty. Thomas Jefferson was one of the founding fathers of the Unites States of America and main author of the declaration of independence in which he wrote ‘we hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal but they are endowed by their creator with certain and unalienable rights that these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness’. William Wilberforce campaigned against slavery in Great Britain, slavery was abolished three days after had died in 1833. Another well-known figure was martin Luther king he was a nonviolent civil rights leader unlike Malcom X which believed that people of colour should fight for the rights ‘whatever means necessary’ King however took a more peaceful approach and organised marched such as the 1963, March on Washington where he delivered the famous ‘I have a dream speech’ this speech inspired nations and people worldwide. Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian nationalist and politician who believed he spoke for all Indians regardless of class and gender, he fought for Indian self-determination as well as independence from the British through protests and marches. One of the most recent figures is Malala Yousafzai, she was a Pakistani school girl who was shot in the head by the Taliban for standing against them in an effort to campaign rights to education for girls, she survived the shot to the head and continues to stand for human rights, women rights and right to education.