Ethical motives 4 Essay, Research Paper
Connie Science s moral quandary of whether or non to interrupt authorities moralss Torahs sing the credence of lobbyist s gifts has come to its flood tide where she must take if she will leap on the bandwagon or non. Ms. Science could utilize a figure of methods to come to a logical and morally sound decision. Some of these methods include Kantian Ethics and Act Utilitarianism.
Kantian Ethics is a deontological theory ( which emphasize making one s responsibility without respect for the effects ) developed by Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher. To use this theory decently, one must utilize its constituent parts: Autonomy, Respect for Persons, and Universality. Autonomy states that you must believe for yourself because merely you can be held responsible for your actions. Connie must non let her foreman or her fellow colleagues to rock her determination. Respect for Persons is of import because each individual deserves equal regard and persons should ne’er be used as a agency to an terminal. Connie must see all the people that she could perchance be utilizing if she were to accept the lobbyist s gifts. If she did accept these gifts so she would be utilizing the president every bit good as all the American people as a agency to acquire these gifts since she was appointed by the president and her determinations that would be swayed affect the public. The rule of Universality, besides known as the Categorical Imperative, states that one should merely move in a mode consistent with what one would will to be cosmopolitan jurisprudence. Connie must inquire herself: what if everyone accepted such gifts and allow their determinations be swayed? If everyone accepted these gifts, so the power would lie with those who brought the best gifts and non with the individual appointed to the determination. Since this is non logical and everyone would non be respected every bit so accepting such gifts would be immoral and Connie should non let herself to be swayed by these lobbyists.
Act Utilitarianism is a Consequentialist Theory ( focal points on effects ) whose guidi
ng rule is the Principle of Utility which states that one must ever move in order to advance the greatest good for the greatest figure of people. Act Utilitarianism is besides specific to the state of affairs at manus and has five stairss in which to follow. The first is the designation of the ethical issue which has been done already. The 2nd is to see all possible classs of action. These are: Connie can leap on the bandwagon and accept the lobbyist s gifts, she could besides merely shut up and see how it all plays out, or she could blow the whistling on the whole bureau. The following measure is to place all interest holders in this state of affairs. These include: Connie, O. Vern Bereng, fellow employees, the lobbyists, and the general pubic. Then, the entire public-service corporation for all of the classs of action must be calculated. If Connie merely sat on this and did nil so the lone people to profit would be O. Vern her fellow employees, and the lobbyists. If she started accepting gifts so the lone people to profit would be once more O. Vern, the other employees, the lobbyists, and besides her. However, if she blew the whistling so the populace at big would profit from merely and just ordinances. Since the public outnumbers everyone by far, the net public-service corporation for the whistle blowing is the greatest and as such is the best class of action.
O. Vern Bereng uses really unsound concluding in order to convert Connie Science that the credence of lobbyist s gifts is absolutely okay. Some of the worst is his usage of familial false beliefs in lines 14 and 16-17. In the first, he attacks her character with an a hominem opprobrious false belief and so goes on to advert that she owes her occupation to him which is an ad hominem circumstantial false belief. Lines 17-18 contain an either-or false belief when he says that employees who rock the boat Don T seem to last to long since at that place appears to be merely two options for her to take. Besides, lines 24-25 contain a provincialism false belief when he says it has ever worked this manner, and that certainly makes it all right since the established positions make it okay.