CANDIDATE NAME: AZMI HUSSEIN
CENTER NUMBER: KE010
SCHOOL: St. Austin’s Academy
MAIN TOPIC: FAMILY
Has the fight for gender equality contributed to increase
in divorce rates?
Divorce has been defined as a judicial declaration dissolving a marriage in whole or in part, (Dictionary.com, 2017). Many reasons have been put forward to explain why
divorce has become a major issue in this era. One of the major problems is
gender equality which I will expound more on the issue of gender equality and
will also express other possible causes of divorce. In Europe alone, divorce rate has increased from about 0.8%
in 1965 to 1.9% in 2013, (Eurostat, 2018). Some scholars have
attributed the rising rate of divorce to women empowerment. For (Stevenson & Wolfers, 2007), people usually stay
in marriage if the gains arising from such union are more than the gains from
staying unmarried. Thus, women empowerment has reduced the benefits women used
to get from the family arising from specialization in the conjugal roles; women
are now more economically empowered and more involved in important decisions
affecting their lives. In the United States of
America, many changes in the last half century have affected marriage and
divorce rates. Some of the changes include the rise of the women’s liberation
movement, the advent of the sexual revolution, and an increase in women’s labor
force participation altered perceptions of gender roles within marriage during
the last 50 years, (United States Department of Labour, 2013). Worldwide, most countries
now recognize that equal rights should exist between men and women and have put
across empowerment programs including having them entrenched in the law. This
project sought to establish the extent to which women empowerment has
contributed to divorce rate by reviewing literature and perspectives from
Maldives is a collection of some 1,200 islands in the Indian Ocean and home to
one surprising record. It has the highest divorce rate in the world. The
average local 30-year-old has already been married and divorced three times and
is ready for the fourth. Ironically, it is also a favorite destination for
newlyweds looking for romance on their honeymoon (Wijnands,
2017). While the islands are a sought-after attraction for the perfectly
picturesque wedding, its locals haven’t quite mastered the art of monogamy, and
so it’s earned the trophy for the highest divorce rate in the world.
In fact, the UN says
the average 30-year-old Maldivian woman has been divorced three times. That’s
11 divorces per 1000 people. Every single year. The rate is twice as high as
second placed Belarus. The United States, sitting pretty in third place, are
less than half of the Maldives’ numbers with approximately four divorces per
The Maldives is a Muslim country and runs
under Sharia’ah Law, so premarital sex is severely frowned upon (News.Com.Au, 2016).
Which basically means
that divorce is easier for men because in the Maldives a man would only need to
go and shout out loud in front of a witness and would get his divorce. But on
the other hand a woman would need to go to court and get her final word from a
judge in the Maldives.
Presently, Belgium is a
European country that tops the list with maximum divorce rate of 71%.The
country is a symbol of European modernity and in spite of its rich history and
well-known architectures, Belgium couldn’t be able to grasp its martial system
strongly. It is known that nearly 32 thousand of the Belgian people commit for
divorce every year. Consequently, the divorce rate in the country has risen
steeply up to 71% which is the uppermost of not only in Europe but even in the
whole world. Here, only about a third of marriages actually last successfully (Elena, 2017).
Every year, close to 32,000 Belgians, or 2.9 people for
every 1,000 residents, sign their divorce papers. The good news is Belgium
still has a way to go to reach the top statistical spot held by Latvia, with
4.0 divorces per 1,000, and Lithuania with 3.4. However, the 32,000 plus puts
Belgium above the rest of Europe when it comes to sheer numbers (King, Belgium
has third-highest divorce rate in EU, 2014).
Even though, France is considered to be a land of love
with the Eiffel tower in Paris suggest to couples and love, the country has a
high divorce rate of 55%.It is known that France has more directness in the
society with more common adequacy and tolerance.it is the cause that majority
of couples in France are diverted divorce with their marriage life ending soon.
In order to reduce this rates, the government of France has also carried out
many initiatives so that married people can live peacefully. On the other hand,
rural regions of France have relatively lower rates of divorce as compared to
their urban complements, with the north side region of Brittany in France
registering the minimum divorce rate (Elena, 2017).
To be divorced ‘by
mutual consent you must have been married for at least six months. Other types
of divorce are ‘consent to divorce but not to consequences’ divorce based on
fault such as adultery, and divorce based on termination of married life.
The grounds for a
divorce needn’t be disclosed, provided both parties agree on the repercussions
such as the division of property, custody of children, alimony and maintenance.
A divorce is usually granted automatically by a judge, although he may order a
delay of three months for reflection. A divorce becomes final one month after
judgement or two months if it has gone to appeal. A contested divorce must be
decided by a court of law (Just Landed.com, 2017).
Nationally majority of the people think that the fight
for gender equality has progressed and the level of divorce is decreasing. In
fact many women love the fact that they are getting a voice of their own.
However, it also contributes a lot to the society women shouldn’t be
discriminated they should get equal attention as the men. Providing boys and
girls equal education is very crucial in their lives.
Personally I think the fight for gender equality is
slowly starting to decrease. But in other countries for example Muslim
countries like Somalia whereby the men have a greater say in the society where
women are considered inferior of various reasons such as religion, culture, age,
gender etc. For example in my culture women (housewives) are believed to do less
work than men. But in reality the work is shared equally or sometimes the man or
the women does more which in the end of the day benefit themselves.
POSSIBLE COURSE OF
This problem can go two ways. Firstly both genders (Male
and Female) agree on terms for example equal rights, if a man and women agree
on conditions there will be some sort of understanding between the two parties.
Secondly. if both genders have a mindset that I do more for her she does less I
do all the house work there will be completely no sort of assimilation. They
will always be disagreement between the two genders.
QUESTION: Has the fight for gender equality contributed to
increase in divorce rates?
This is the question you should try to answer in all
For Example, is the fight for gender inequality
responsible for the divorce rates in Maldives?
To answer this question, you should explore the
The prevalence of divorce in Maldives – give
statistics (this you have given)
The extent of women empowerment in Maldives –
give statistics (This is not done)
Establish the extent to which women empowerment
is responsible for the divorce rates in Maldives
Give a small evaluation of the findings in
APPLY TO ALL THE COUNTRIES INCLUDING NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES