*A 70 days old conflict between Chinese

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*A DIPLOMATIC AND POLITICAL TRIUMPH FOR INDIA*The 70 days old conflict between Chinese and Indian soldiers on Doklam plateau which was claimed by both Bhutan and China came to an end on 28th of August with both sides agreeing to withdraw their soldiers to pre-dilemma positions. The end of the Doklam Crisis was considered to be a diplomatic ,political and strategic triumph for  India. It spreads a strong and powerful message to the world that *diplomacy is the best tool to resolve disputed issues rather than engaging into destructive activities.The credit goes to the leaders and diplomats of both the nations for maki -ng the world realise that every mutual difference can be resolved through diplomatic talk ( i.e. with the help of Ministry of external affairs(MEA) and institutions such as embassy etc.).*The Indian diplomats have succeeded in restoring peace through negotiations,thus,handing a big knock-back to combatants*The Indian leadership and diplomatic crops deserve credit for maintaining constant stand during entire crisis despite grim provocations. The Chinese tried their best to drive their way using enforcement,threats and other elements of Asymmetric Warfare. The psychological warfare was scaled with full effort. The state control Chinese media and the propaganda wing of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) played a major role in provoking a war mania by their persistent efforts.China adopted a very firm stance and insisted on the early withdrawal of the Indian soldiers as a pre- condition for any dialogue or negotiation over the issue. But India on the other side also stood firm on it’s stand of simultaneous withdrawal of forces by both the sides.China had gone too far in provoking India but the calm and cool nature displayed by the Indian leadership further discouraged the Chinese who,in their effort to bully India, went to the extent of alarming a war and raking up Kashmir.*Reasons behind a change in the Chinese Stance or perspective*The reasons behind  China’s change of mind are in the realm of speculation only. But the obvious ones include Chinese realisation that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) was not fully trained for war and also the PLA was undergoing massive reforms and reorganisation, including  purging of senior officers. *The PLA, thus, was in a state of continuous change and the Chinese leadership was not very confident of its war making capabilities, particularly in the Air Force and Navy*. At that time, also the Chinese President Xi Jinping could hardly afford a military failure particularly when the 19th party Congress, due in October, was drawing near.The Chinese leadership also acknowledged the fact that India enjoyed both geographic and strategic advantage in the area.The commencement of winters was also on the horizon and life on the plateau during these months is an unpleasant and frightening experience. Though there is a huge gap in the balance of trade between the two nations (more imports and less exports leading to a current account deficit on Indian side) but certain economic measures initiated by India had a positive impact on the Chinese change of mind on this issue. The ability of Bhutan to accurately access the issue and the influential leadership displayed by the Bhutanese royalty (both the king and his father His Royal Highness Jigme Singye Wangchuck) also deserve  to be highlighted. *The BRICS Summit in Xiamen, China on 3-4 of September played a major role in the early resolution of the Doklam Crisis*Being a global power China always wish to set a better example of it’s being a responsible world leader but if there was no satisfactory resolution  of the Doklam issue, there was a real possibility that Prime Minister Narender  Modi might not attend the BRICS summit. This would have been a huge blow to China’s prestige as the Summit would have had to be cancelled. Unlike his forerunner President Xi Jinping wished an early resolution of the border dispute. Even reports reflected the keen interest shown by the Russian President Vladimir Putin on the early resolution of the boundary dispute between the two fastest growing Asian economies.A positive impact of the Doklam standoff is that China will be very careful in dealing with India during future negotiations on the boundary dispute.The episode had also strengthen the bond between the two neighborhoods (India and Bhutan).The message to India’s neighbourhood is also positive and reassuring which will further enhance India’s stature and image of reliable partner. It will reinforce other nations to  stand up to China on issues of vital and critical importance for them.

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