9.1.3 gaining short-range and long-range radar sensors

9.1.3 ZF Friedrichshafen


ZF Friedrichshafen
is a German car parts maker company founded in 1915. In 2016 with total
employee count of 136,820 people across the world it made sales revenue of
35,166 million euros.

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The product
portfolio of the company is diversified into 7 groups.


powertrain technology with the manufacturing of automatic and manual
transmission, drive axles, powertrain modules. This is the group that will be
impacted by the transformation into electric vehicles.


chassis technology involving the manufacturing of chassis systems and
components and suspension technology.


vehicle technology with the manufacturing of drive train, axles, transmission,
chassis technology and modules, steering systems.


technology to provide off-highway systems, industrial drives, marine driveline
technology, aviation technology and wind power technology.


with the manufacturing of electronic systems, electric traction drive, system
house. This division brings the expertise of ZF in electro mobility in one


 Active and passive safety technology with the
manufacturing of braking systems, steering systems, occupant safety systems,
electronics and body control systems.


market services of its products.


Friedrichshafen with primary business in transmission technology is well
prepared and equipped to make the change from traditional to electro mobility
with the strong support from its E-mobility division in terms of research and
development for the transmission systems of electric cars. The company has set
its foundation for the development of future technology based on “Vision Zero”.

The vision signifies zero emission and zero accidents. This translates into
transforming the automotive industry into complete electric mobility with
driverless car technology. ZF long-term focus is to develop and achieve its
expertise in electric motors through new product ideas and collaborative
partnerships with upcoming firms. 77


ZF similar to
Bosch and continental is also adapting the digitalization trend to expand its
business models inline with the future. New digital business models include
developing new block chain technology based “Car ewallet” that enables
automatic payment of parking and highway tolls. Along with development of other
digital products such as “X2safe” that warns the users of a potential collision
to improve the safety. Applications for fleet such as “Dashboard” to help
manage the fleet more efficiently. ZF also acquired stakes in Astyx for gaining
short-range and long-range radar sensors into its portfolio. From the chassis
side, ZF is developing Intelligent Rolling Chassis a ready-to-go platform that
can be utilized by all players in the electro-mobility market to adapt into
compact cars or sedans. 7577


The ZF group
founded new venture “Zukunft venture GmbH” in 2016 with aim to invest in
start-up companies that provide the potential to contribute to the future
technologies of ZF. 76


9.1.4 Mahle


Mahle is an
automotive part supplier founded in 1920 based in Stuttgart, Germany. It is one
of the world’s 20 largest suppliers and development partner for the automotive
industry. They are the primary suppliers for internal combustion engine and its
supporting parts. In 2016 the company has sales revenue of 12.3 billion euros
world wide, with about 77,000 employees. The company operates in 4 business


systems and components

and Engine peripherals




For passenger
cars, The Company manufactures a majority of parts that can be classified into
8 major categories. The first is the cooling system, with in which the company
manufactures radiators, coolant pumps, charge air cooling component, cooling
modules, oil heating and cooling systems, exhaust gas recirculation coolers,
battery cooling components and thermostats and control valves.  The second category is the valve train where
the company manufactures camshafts, cam followers and rocker arm assemblies and
valves. The third is the piston system, which is the key expertise of the company;
it produces pistons and its corresponding assemblies for both petrol and diesel
engines. The fourth is the cylinder components containing parts surrounding the
piston and the crankshaft; it includes piston pins, piston rings, bearings, cylinder
liners and the connecting rod. The fifth is the oil management system
containing the oil filter modules, oil pumps and the oil heating and cooling
systems. The sixth is the air management category that contains components
handling the inlet and exhaust gases. The company manufactures Air intake
management module, exhaust gas recirculation systems and turbochargers. The
seventh is the air conditioning system i.e. Heating, ventilation, and air
conditioning modules includes evaporators, heat cores, compressors, blowers,
cabin air filters, condensers, vents and climate control. The last category is
the fuel management system that includes fuel filters, water separation
systems, activated carbon canisters and electrical heater for fuel systems. 78


With the ability
to manufacture an array of parts for the internal combustion engine, Mahle is one
of the critical suppliers to be hugely impacted by the change from traditional
to electro mobility. To tackle the sustainability issues a parallel approach strategy
of continuing to develop the combustion engine as well as developing solutions
for e-mobility is adopted. While continuously improvising for the lowering of
CO2 emissions expecting to achieve further 10% reduction inline with Worldwide
Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Cycle. The combustion engine innovation
lies in reducing frictional loss, extremely resilient and also weight-optimized
engine components and maximizing efficiency. 78