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1. body for districts and are designated

1. Democracy is giving everybody in the country an
equal opportunity to take part in making a decision on important matters that
affect everybody through. The British government can make decisions once
elected but the people are the ones who elect the political party that makes up
the government. The main political parties in the UK are Labour, Conservative,
Liberal Democrats, Green, SNP etc. before each election each part makes a
manifesto that includes a collection of their political ideas. In 1969 it was
made law that anyone above the age of 18 has the right to vote. The British
parliament is made up of the house of commons, the house of laws and the
monarch. 2. 1.   
Abraham Lincoln fought to abolish the slavery in
America and succeeded in 1865, this led black people to eventually having equal
rights as white people including having the right to vote and run for president,
this demonstrates democracy as he fought to let black people in America have
equal opportunities.

 

2.   
Mahatma Gandhi led India to independence from the
British empire and gave the Indian people the ability to vote for leadership of
their own country. He went on non-violence protests to achieve his goals, this
demonstrates democracy as he fought to let Indians have equal opportunities. 

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3.   
Nelson Mandela was the first black South African
president, before this, he spent 27 years in prison because he tried to take
down the pro-apartheid government and then worked to achieve human rights, this
demonstrates democracy as he fought to let Africans have equal opportunities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3. 1.   
The
United Kingdom Parliament – The Parliament of
the UK, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the most
powerful parliamentary body in the United Kingdom, and other regions owned by
the UK. Parliament observes what the Government does, makes new
laws, holds the influence to set taxes and debates the important matters.

 

2.   
County
councils – A governing body for districts and are designated through the votes
of those in the district. A county council is accountable for
services such as schooling, waste management and strategic planning within
a county, with several
non-metropolitan district councils in
charge of services such as housing, waste collection and local planning.

 

3.   
Parish
councils – A local power that is an elected corporate body. A parish
council is a civil local authority found in England and is the
lowest tier of local government. They are elected corporate parties, have
variable tax raising powers, and are responsible for civil parishes, which area certain areas around the
UK, serving in total 16,000,000 people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4. 1.   
Participating in political debates – this allows you
to put forward a view that you may think could affect the country

2.   
Protesting lawfully – this allows you to go against
the government if you feel that they have impacted negatively in some way

3.   
Joining trade unions or political parties – this
allows you to take part in the duties that a member of one of these groups
undergoes

4.   
Sign petitions – this allows you to help put forward
an opinion that could be shown to a higher power to try and change something to
better suit your views

5.   
Voting in national, local and state elections – this
allows you to have a say in who is put into higher power nationally or more
locally

Valuing the views of others – this allows everyone to have their own
views peacefully and can help prevent people from protesting unlawfully                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5.A set of written rules recognised by the
government that are required to be followed by citizens known as law. The key idea of the rule of law is that the law should
apply equally to everyone, government and people alike. The alternative to
the rule of law is there for arbitrary government. In this way, the rule of law
creates the relationship between government and the people. The most important
sub principles of the rule of law are that no one is above the law, that there
is equality for all before the law, that the law is always applied and that the
law is kept through the power of the courts.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6. public order – laws
keep society from falling apart, people who break the law are disciplined as to
keep the peace and prevent disorder.  When
people become scared because they see something as unsafe, society will not
function. Fear can prevent economic growth and may lead to people looking to
move to safer regions. 

2.individual freedom – as long as we abide by the law we are allowed to
go where we want, without law people might try and stop others from being able
to do this. Freedom is significant because it leads to enhanced
expressions of creativity and original thought, increased motivation, and an
overall higher quality of life.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7. The Equality act 2010 is a law that allows all
types of people to have equal rights so that all citizens can have the same
opportunities and any life style they choose so that they can live a life
without prejudice or discrimination from their government. The Equality Act
2010 legally protects people from discrimination in the workplace and in wider
society. It replaced previous anti-discrimination laws with a single Act,
making the law easier to understand and strengthening protection in some
situations. It sets out the different ways in which it’s unlawful to treat
someone.  The
Equality Act 2010 includes provisions that ban age discrimination against
adults in the provision of services and public functions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          8. electronic tagging,
so that the government will know if you go somewhere you aren’t allowed to make
you comply with the rule of law and teach you not to go against rule of law
again. 

2. financial penalty,
where the criminal is charged a set amount of money decided by a judge to teach
you to always comply with the rule of law and attempt to prevent you offending
again.

 

3. community service,
where the criminal must complete some tasks set by the government that take up
a lot of your free time to punish you for going against the rule of law.

 

4. imprisonment,
where the prisoner is kept in a cell for a set amount of time, only given a set
amount of visits from those close to you and only given a set amount of food,
the sentence is set by the judge.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    9. Criminal law is used
to prevent people from committing acts like murder, assault and theft, cases
for criminal law are handled, by Magistrates or judge and jury, and in crown or
Magistrates court. Cases are based on doubt. Criminal
law is the body of law that relates to crime. It proscribes conduct perceived
as threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health,
safety, and moral welfare of people.   

 

2. Civil law is used
to prevent people from committing acts like contract breaches, cases are
conducted by a judge in a County or High court. Cases are based on probability.
Civil law is the part of a country’s set of laws which is concerned with all of the private affairs of
citizens, for example cases involving marriage and property ownership, rather than with crimes committed by people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            10. Individual liberty is
allowing people to use their rights without control from the government. These
rights are protected by the human rights act 1998. Individual liberty suggests
the free exercise of rights generally seen as outside Government control. It is
the protection of your rights and the rights of others. The liberty of an
individual to exercise freely those rights generally accepted as being outside
of government control. We are able to do whatever we want, so long as we don’t
hurt others. It allows us to live
as we choose and to have our own opinions and views. We have laws which allow for our safety, but we
are able to make our own choices about many elements of our lives and culture.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          11. right to fair trial –
everyone is allowed a fair trial if they are a suspected felon. The aim of the right is to ensure that only offenders are punished and the
innocent aren’t punished if wrongly accused. As a minimum the right to fair trial includes fair trial rights in civil and
criminal proceeding.

 

2. right to life – Every human being has the right
to life and this right is
protected by law. Everyone has the right
to life, everybody can live in security and equality and to take the
life from someone is a breach of the right and therefore the law.

 

3. freedom from slavery and torture – Freedom from Slavery or Forced Labour. The right to be free from slavery is
contained in Article 4 of
the ECHR. Article 4 has
two parts: The first part of Article 4 states
that nobody shall be held in slavery or servitude.

 

4. right to marry – Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race,
nationality or religion, have the right
to marry and to start a family. They are allowed equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its ending.

 

5. freedom of speech – Freedom of speech is a right  that supports the freedom of an individual or
community to articulate one’s opinions and ideas without fear of
retaliation, censorship, or sanction. The term “freedom of
expression” is sometimes used synonymously, but includes any act of
seeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium
used.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             13. Listening well to others ideas or beliefs so that you
can gain a broader understanding of how others see things.

 

2. Express your own views to allow others to view your
opportunities as well as their own.

 

3. Being aware of when some one’s views are
unacceptable and trying to prevent incidents that may occur because of these
views. 

 

4. Working with people with different views to yours
this will allow you to get to know them and see how their lifestyles may differ
to yours.

 

5. Respecting and not interfering with others views and beliefs to respect
the diversity in your community.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14.  Segregating people from others in all environments as
this stops them from having equal opportunities as others.

 

2. Isolating people from communities or groups of
people as this stops them from having the same social opportunities as others.

 

3. Promotion of intolerance to others to try and make
them intolerant as then they may act on their intolerant beliefs and cause harm
to others.

 

4. Terrorism as this can give your community a bad
reputation and cause a serious impact that could involve fatalities.

 

5. Ignoring any stereo types that may be stoppable or reportable and
easily apparent to you.                                                 15. Terrorism – Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of
intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror, or fear, to
achieve a political, religious or ideological aim. The terms
“terrorist” and “terrorism” originated during the French
Revolution of the late 18th century but gained
mainstream popularity during the U.S. Presidency of Ronald Reagan.

 

Radicalisation – getting
others to view political situations in an extreme way, the action or process of causing someone to adopt radical positions on
political or social issues. The UK Home
Office, MI5’s parent agency, defines
radicalization as “The process by which people come to support terrorism and
violent extremism and, in some cases, then join terrorist groups.”

 

Extremism – holding
an extreme political and religious view or the fact of someone having beliefs that
most people think are unreasonable and
unacceptable. It means, literally, “the quality or state of being
extreme” or the “encouragement of an extreme point of view”. 16. Terrorism – The biggest and most frightening impact of terrorism is physical
destruction. Terrorists destroy existing plants, machines, transportation
systems, workers and other economic resources. On smaller scales, acts of
terrorism may blow up cafes, churches or roads. Large-scale attacks, most infamously
the World Trade Centre bombings on September 11, 2001, can destroy billions of
dollars’ worth of property and senselessly kill thousands innocent people.

Radicalisation – Radicalization that occurs across multiple reinforcing
pathways greatly increases a group’s resilience and lethality. Furthermore, by
compromising its ability to blend in with non-radical society and participate
in a modern, national economy, radicalization serves as a kind of sociological
trap that gives individuals no other place to go to satisfy their material and
spiritual needs.

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