50 Hidden Secrets of WINDOWS 10

You can spend—and may already have spent—a lifetime trying to master Windows. Just when you get to grips with one version, out comes another. These days, things are further complicated by the fact that while Windows 10 seems here to stay, it’s now undergoing more frequent changes, with a succession of major updates: Anniversary last year, Creator last month, and another (Windows 10.3, anyone?) slated for the end of the year. How do you possibly keep up? The trick is to realize that the more things change, the more they stay the same, with many of the best tips and tricks that were uncovered during those halcyon days of Windows XP and 7 still relevant now. The problem is, where to find them? That’s what’s driven us to write this feature. We’ve gone hunting for 50 of the most obscure— but nevertheless useful—tips we can find. We’ve rooted out new techniques for old favorites, and also uncovered some new features that may not have made the headlines when the Creator’s Update appeared, but will still help improve the way you use Windows. One of the joys of researching and writing this kind of feature is uncovering secrets that we— the so-called experts—weren’t aware of. You know you’re on the right track when you stumble upon tips that save you time and prove useful to your own computing life, and more than a few of those revealed themselves.

We’re confident that you’ll find at least one tip in this collection that will transform the way you use your PC. But mindful of providing value for money, we’ve decided 50 isn’t enough. You’ll find three additional boxes scattered through the feature, each one revealing bonus secrets you can use to save time and speed up the way you use your PC. We discover how to quickly access system settings without wading through menus and dialog boxes, we uncover some Registry shortcuts that enable you to change the way Windows looks and behaves, and we finish off by revealing lesser known—but still immensely useful—keyboard shortcuts. Ready? Dust down your fedora, Dr Jones, we’re going on a treasure hunt.

Add your own custom shortcuts to the menu that appears when you right-click the “Start” button. Use the portable Win+X Menu Editor tool to add programs, control panel applets, and other system shortcuts, plus organize them all into groups.
Create a new folder and name it as shown below (you can change the “GodMode” part if you like): GodMode.{ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C}
This gives you easy access to every single control panel applet via a convenient list—why not add it to your “Quick Link” menu?
Windows 10 provides you with a handy way of seeing what kind of content is taking up space on each of your drives. Navigate to “Settings > System > Storage,” and tap a drive to see a breakdown of content by type. The Creator’s Update also introduces a “Storage Sense” button, which automatically clears temporary files, and files residing in the bin for over 30 days.

Running out of space on your system drive? Move existing Windows Store apps to another drive or partition via “Settings > Apps”—select the app, and click “Move” to select your target drive. Force all new apps to install to a specified drive by switching to the “Storage” section, and tapping “Change where new content is saved.”

Why stop with Windows Store apps when you can move any installed desktop program? Download Steam Mover from www.traynier.com, and run it as an administrator. Point “Steam Apps Common Folder” to your Program Files folders, then select an alternative folder on your target drive (which must be formatted NTFS). Once done, select each program you wish to move, and click the right arrow button to move them across. Clever use of “Junction Points” ensure the programs continue to work even from another drive, and you can always move them back if needed.
Prevent shared users from hogging all available drive space by setting up drive-based quotas (again NTFS formatted drives only). Open “File Explorer > This PC,” right-click your target drive, and choose the “Properties > Quota” tab. Click “Show Quota Settings,” and check “Enable quota management,” followed by “Deny disk space to users exceeding quota limit,” and select “Limit disk space to.” Set your limit (probably in GB) and a warning (say 10–20 percent less than the limit), then click “OK.”

To set limits for individual users, leave “Do not limit disk usage” selected, and click “Quota Entries” instead. Select “Quota > New Quota Entry.” Click “Advanced,” then “Find Now” to list all available users. Select a name from the list, and click “OK” twice. Set their quota and warning limits, then repeat for other users for whom you wish to apply limits. Once done, close the window, and click “OK” twice.

Need to reclaim ownership of a file or folder? Add a convenient shortcut to the right-click menu: download HERE, and double-click “InstallTakeOwnership.reg,” clicking “Run” followed by “Yes,” “Yes,” and finally “OK” when prompted. Now right-click any folder or file to find a new “Take Ownership” option.

Press Win-Tab to trigger Task View, where you can easily move windows between multiple virtual desktops. Press Ctrl-Win-D to quickly create (and switch to) a new virtual desktop, and Ctrl-Win left/right cursor to move between them.

Task View too awkward? Download and install TidyTabs (www.nurgo software.com/products/tidytabs), and you can group multiple windows together in a single tabbed window—just like your browser, except it covers all apps, and you can mix and match different programs, too.

When you open a new File Explorer window, it defaults to the “Quick Access” menu. Change this by going to the “File” tab on the Explorer ribbon, and choosing “Folder & Search Options.” Click “Open File Explorer to…” and choose “This PC” to change the default action to showing your user folders, drives, and network locations.

You can also customize the “Quick Access” folder from here, too, by selectively removing both recently used files and frequently accessed folders from its view if you wish—this leaves only those shortcut folders that you specifically pin to the menu.

This feature enables you to scroll any program window using your mouse or trackpad, by moving the cursor over it, even when it’s not in focus. Toggle it on and off via the “Scroll inactive windows when I hover over them” switch under “Settings > Devices > Mouse and Touchpad.

The Aero Peek feature provides you with a convenient way to preview open app and program windows, without bringing them into focus, but it can provide other shortcuts, too. Take the Groove Music app, for example—roll your mouse over its Taskbar icon, and the Aero Peek preview contains playback controls you can use without bringing the main program into focus.

Snap Assist makes it even easier to snap multiple windows in place. Snap your first window in place by dragging it to the edge or corner of the screen, at which point all other windows appear as they do when in Task View. You can then drag these into place, bring them into focus, or even close them quickly and easily.

The Creator’s Update gives you more control over your color scheme when tweaking your desktop. Go to “Settings > Personalization > Colors,” and click “Custom Color.” Use the color picker to choose your color, then adjust it with the help of a slider and preview (complete with a warning, should the colors be difficult to read).

Fed up with certain apps constantly badgering you with notifications through the Action Center? Go to “Settings > System > Notifications & actions,” then scroll down to pick and choose exactly what apps and services get to notify you.

If you frequently forget something within moments of thinking it, Cortana could prove to be your lifesaver. Simply type (or speak) “remember” to set up a reminder from scratch, or try something such as “remember to get milk tomorrow after work” to include additional details.

19.DISABLE CORTANA on Windows 10
The quickest way to disable Cortana (although the process itself still runs in the background) is via a security policy setting—open Registry Editor, browse to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsSearch, and create a new DWORD value named “AllowCortana.” Leave it set to 0, restart Windows Explorer via Task Manager, and it’s disabled.

Once Cortana is disabled, the Search box displays “Search Windows,” and you can continue to use it to find apps, settings, and files on your PC—tap “Filters” to choose specific things to search for, such as folders, documents, or music. (While we’re on the subject, right-click the Taskbar, and choose “Search > Show search icon” to replace the Search box with a simple search button.)

The quickest way to change a single file type’s association is to right-click a file in File Explorer, then choose “Open With > Choose another app.” Be sure to select “Always use this app to open…” before going through the list to find your chosen app (if it’s not displayed, click “More apps,” then scroll down to the bottom, and click “Look for another app on this PC”).

There’s little choice to be had at “Settings > Apps > Default apps,” but scroll down and you can choose “Set defaults by app” to gain access to a much wider range of apps. Select one to quickly assign multiple file types to it via “Choose defaults for his program.”

There are many ways in which you can stop Windows wasting precious bandwidth when connected to a metered network, all accessible via Settings. First, go to “Update & Security > Windows Update > Advanced options > Choose how updates are delivered,” and change it to “PCs on my local network,” or even flick the switch off.

24. REDUCE DATA USAGE on Windows 10
Go to “Network & Internet > Wi-Fi,” and click “Manage known networks.” Choose a network with bandwidth limits, and click “Properties.” Flick “Set as metered connection” to “On,” then go to “Devices,” to ensure “Download over metered connections” is “Off” under “Printers & scanners” and “Connected devices.”

If you’ve got two or more printers, go to “Settings > Devices > Printers & scanners,” and flick the “Let Windows manage my default printer” switch to “On” if you want the printer to always default to the last one you used.

Project your display from one wireless PC or tablet to another—both need to support Miracast. Go to “Settings > System > Projecting on this PC” to verify this, then select “Available everywhere on secure networks.” Now press Win-P on the device you want to extend, and click “Project to a second screen.” Select ‘“Connect to a wireless display,” select your target PC, and wait for the connection to be made, at which point your display can be duplicated or extended.

If you have a device capable of receiving Miracast or DLNA streams, you can cast media content such as YouTube video direct from Edge— navigate to the page containing your media, then click “…” and choose “Cast to Device.” Wait for it to appear, then select it to switch output to that device.

Make sure Windows Update doesn’t suddenly reboot your PC without your permission. Go to “Settings > Update & security,” and click “Change active hours” under “Windows Update” to set the time of day you’re active on your PC. Updates will be scheduled to reboot outside this period only if you’re not using your computer.

The Creator’s Update introduces two new update options: click “Restart options” to pick an exact time of day for Windows Update to complete updates. Also, flick the “Show more notifications” switch to “On,” and you’ll be able to snooze updates for up to three days at a time.

Here’s some good news—if you took advantage of the free Windows 10 upgrade, then signed in with your Microsoft Account, your Windows license is linked to the account (do this manually via “Settings > Update & security > Activation > Add an account”). You can now perform major hardware surgery—including swapping out the motherboard— without losing your copy of Windows. If you run into problems with reactivation, click “Troubleshoot” on the “Activation” page, and select “I changed hardware on this device recently” to resolve them.

Windows 10 revamps the Command Prompt to provide lots of extra functionality, such as support for clipboard keyboard shortcuts and text wrapping. Configure these by right-clicking the Command Prompt menu bar and choosing “Properties.” While you’re here, customize the size, color scheme, and fonts, too.

Go to “Settings > Update & Security > For Developers,” and select “Developer Mode” under “Use developer features.” Tweaks include “developer-friendly” options for Windows Explorer, such as showing full directory paths in the title bar.

33. RUN BASH COMMANDS on Windows 10
You can run Linux commands in Windows when Developer Mode is enabled via the Bash UNIX Shell— right-click “Start,” and choose “Programs and Features,” then click “Turn Windows features on or off.” Select “Windows Subsystem for Linux (Beta).” Click “OK,” and reboot when prompted.

Once enabled, press Win-R, type “bash,” and hit Enter to install Ubuntu on Windows. You can then run command-line Linux apps and Bash commands via the Bash on Ubuntu on Windows app, or by invoking Bash from the Command Prompt, like so: $ bash ls -l

35. IMPROVE BATTERY LIFE on Windows 10
Make your laptop or tablet run further between charges by going to “Settings > System > Battery,” and switching on Battery Saver. Push the slider up to 70 or even 80 percent, then tap “Battery usage by app” to see which apps require most power. Consider replacing them with more power-efficient alternatives (such as the Opera web browser instead of Edge, for example).

Make sure you’re not exposed to insecure wireless networks: go to “Settings > Network & Internet > Wi-Fi.” Make sure “Connect to suggested open hotspots” is disabled if you don’t connect through a VPN.

Go to http://account.microsoft.com/ privacy, where you’ll find a web dashboard providing convenient shortcuts to reviewing and clearing personal data stored in the cloud, including Cortana Notebook. You can also perform a local audit via “Settings > Privacy,” but if this is all too confusing, run the portable O&O ShutUp 10 tool(www.oosoftware.com/en/shutup10) for a one-click solution

Right-click the OneDrive Taskbar Notification area icon, and choose “Settings.” Click “Choose folders” under “Account” to sync selective content to your PC, and set bandwidth limits under the “Network” tab if you think OneDrive is adversely affecting your Internet connection. Go to the “Office” tab and deselect both boxes if you find Office defaulting to your online file copies instead of those stored locally.

The Game DVR function exists to allow you to record your gaming exploits, but you can use it on any app you install from the Windows Store. Simply open the app, press Win-G, and check “Yes, this is a game” when prompted to open it.

Fed up with being constantly reminded to install Office? Open the “Start” menu, locate the “Get Office” shortcut in the “All apps” menu, then right-click it, and choose “Uninstall” to remove both the prompt and the underlying application.

Many Registry entries are mirrored between HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE and HKEY_CURRENT_USER. Gone to the wrong hive accidentally? Simply right-click the key, and choose “Go to HKEY…” to jump to its corresponding entry in the other hive.

Windows 10 Professional comes with the Group Policy Editor (gpedit.msc), which is often used to configure ecurity settings. If you’re running Windows 10 Home, you can apply many of these tweaks with he right Registry settings, which you’ll find neatly ummarized as an Excel spreadsheet—go to https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=25250 to download it.

How can you be sure that a program you download is the real deal? Right click the downloaded file, and choose the “Properties > Digital Signatures” tab to view the certificate that should help identify its origin. If the website provides an MD5 or SHA1 hash, you can use HashMyFiles (www.nirsoft.net/utils/hash_my_files.html) to compare the file’s hash with that on the site.

If you have two monitors with different resolutions—one that’s 4K, for example, while the other is HD—then Windows 10 now enables you to scale each display completely independently of the other. To do this, go to “Settings > System > Display,” select your display by clicking it, then use the slider to increase the size of text, apps, and other on-screen elements. Click “Advanced display settings” to change its resolution.

The Creator’s Update introduces a new feature that changes the color temperature of your screen at night time, which should help you sleep better and avoid eye strain. Switch it on via “Settings > System > Display.” Tap “Night light settings” to set it up (flick the schedule on, and use the recommended sunset-sunrise setting, which changes based on your location and the time of year).

If you have a touchscreen or touchpad, you should make use of gestures. Swipe with two fingers to scroll, for example, or swipe with three fingers horizontally to move between open windows, or vertically to shift between Task View and hiding everything but the desktop. Open the Mouse control panel, and check for a tab called “Device Settings,” where you may find options for customizing your own gestures.

If you are willing to give up the ability to safely remove drives without ejecting them first, you can enable writing caching on the drive for a speed boost. Open Device Manager, then double-click your target drive under “Disk Drives.” Switch to the “Policies” tab to make your choice.

Most problems regarding lost sound can usually be traced to Windows switching the playback device. Quickly review (and change) the current playback device by clicking the Taskbar Notification area’s audio device icon. Click “^” to reveal all available devices, and select the correct one to bring your sound back.

Windows 10 now comes with native support for MKV, HVEC, and the lossless FLAC audio format. Open Windows Media Player, and click “Rip settings > Format > FLAC (Lossless)” to make it the default choice for future CD rips, ensuring they’re stored at maximum quality.

Open the Command Prompt, type “powercfg –energy,” and then hit Enter. Now double-click the energy report.html file that’s been generated (in your Windows\System32 folder) to get an overview of the energy-saving capabilities of your computer and its peripherals. The report can help you to root out potential issues with sleep and hibernation. It’s also worth checking suspect devices through Device Manager, where you should look for a “Power Management” tab, which enables you to prevent certain devices from bringing your PC prematurely out of standby.

Standard HDD vs Sata SSD vs M.2 NVMe


You might think the choice between old-school magnetic drives, conventional SATA SSDs, and the latest M.2 items was a total no-brainer. For the most part, you’d be right. Magnetic drives, with their quaintly spinning platters and delicately servo’ed read heads, certainly don’t stand a chance when it comes to raw performance. They’re OK at sequential workloads, albeit offering about one tenth the speed of a decent SSD at best, but they really suck when it comes to random access.
SATA SSDs, meanwhile, may be pretty quick, even by modern standards, but they’re ultimately held back by both the SATA interface itself, which caps peak performance at about 550MB/s, and the elderly AHCI control protocol, which was never intended to be used with solid-state tech.
So it’s M.2 and its zippy PCI Express  interconnect that easily rules the day, with the latest drives topping 3GB/s for peak performance, and packing the highly optimized NVMe control protocol. The catch is system compatibility, and that’s why M.2 isn’t a complete nobrainer. Especially for older PCs, a SATA SSD may be the most painless path to decent storage performance.


Spare a thought for the poor old conventional hard drive. In this brave new age of solid-state computing, the very notion of moving parts seems utterly antediluvian. But this is its chance to shine. When it comes to raw storage capacity, those spinning magnetic platters positively annihilate the solid-state alternatives. Perhaps most impressive is the fact that, while CPU performance has somewhat stagnated, and the power of Moore’s Law to predict chip shrinkage may well have stalled, the ability of magnetic hard drive makers to pack in ever more capacity hasn’t waned at all. Innovations such as the use of helium to reduce internal air shear saw the 10TB barrier cracked last year in the consumer drive space, and that progress looks set to continue, albeit at quite a price. Aim a little lower, and the likes of a 3TB drive are now available for as little as $75—and even less if you are willing to roll the dice on a refurb. The only caveat is that if you don’t have a big video or games library, you probably don’t need a big hard disk at all, and a much nippier budget SSD of around 500GB is probably all most mainstream users will ever actually need.


Given the radical change in technology represented by solid-state storage, it’s surprising that it wasn’t accompanied by major compatibility problems. However, thanks to adopting existing standards, including the SATA interface and support for legacy IDE and AHCI control protocols, SSD compatibility has been, for the most part, a breeze. SATA ports have been standard on nearly all motherboards for a very long time. So, whether your SATA drive is solid state or magnetic isn’t hugely consequential in compatibility terms. But things get more complicated when it comes to those newfangled M.2 drives. Any motherboard more than two years old almost certainly lacks an M.2 port. What’s more, having an M.2 port doesn’t automatically mean support for the highly desirable NVMe control protocol. Granted, it is possible to buy M.2 PCI Express adapter boards to add support to legacy motherboards. But the older your mobo, the more likely it is to have issues supporting booting from the drive and, again, that NVMe protocol. It’s also worth remembering that your M.2 drive will only be as fast as the PCIe lanes provided by the motherboard.


What price do you put on capacity or performance? That’s the conundrum you face when sizing up the value of the various storage options. You cannot maximize both attributes. Solid state prices have come down, but when it comes to GB/$, they’re still obliterated by traditional magnetic storage. A $75 3TB hard disk, for instance, works out at around 40GB per dollar. Matching that capacity with an SSD will cost you roughly 10 times as much. Meanwhile, even the sweet spot of current SSD GB/$, which is probably the 1TB segment, only delivers roughly 3GB per dollar. And that’s for a budgetoriented SATA SSD. The fanciest M.2 drives look like even worse value. Of course, shift your priorities toward performance, and the tables are resolutely turned. When it comes to random access performance, which is especially critical for everyday performance and responsiveness, SSDs can be over 100 times faster than magnetic drives. That said, the cheaper end of the SATA SSD spectrum probably gives you the best bang for buck. But take care to avoid the very lowliest, which often use cheap controllers intended for USB drives, to save money


This is the most contentious metric. Firstly, that’s because durability can mean different things. For a portable PC, a solid-state drive is a huge bonus, and has the potential to be far more robust than a fragile magnetic drive, with spinning platter and moving read heads. For a desktop PC, where physical shocks and exposure to extreme temperatures are less common, durability is all about the ability to soak up a lot of bandwidth, without losing performance and capacity, or failing. The early days of SSDs were grim in that regard. Outright failure wasn’t that common, but a drop-off in performance was inevitable over time. Six months of heavy use could truly hammer those first SSDs. Since then, multiple technologies, including advance wear leveling and garbage collection routines, have dramatically improved the situation. Of course, the performance of hard drives can go off over time, too, with data fragmentation. But that’s usually fixable with a little defragging. Overall, however, the very best M.2 SSDs can be had with warranties and life expectancies of around five years, even with very heavy workloads. On balance, they’re probably now the most robust storage technology.

How to Remove Virus from Website

Your website has a virus and you are afraid of being banned from the search engines as usually happen? Do you have access to the website files ? It might come handy if you can download the files from your website via FTP or access it via SSH and take a look at how your files look like now.

If you’re doing this operation for the first time, it will be ok to have a backup copy. This is a mandatory process, just in case you will broke something in process of removing the virus from the website.

What’s recommended in order to do your virus removal:

  • A FTP Client like FileZilla or WinSCP
  • If you have SSH access to the website, you will need a SSH client, we recommend Putty
  • An advanced find an replace software if you decide to do this on your own machine and upload the cleaned file.

I would recommend to take a look at the infection vector of the virus. What exactly the virus do ? There are many types of viruses who infect the websites, some of them just want to infect your visitors, making links, creating fake websites, sending spam, and so on.

The virus creators would try to hide the code in the php files, usually by adding spaces on the first line and writing the entire code in a very long string of code. This is ok, cause all the files can be found and virus removed from those files if you know what to look for.

If you have access to the website via SSH:

If you can compare two or more files and find similar piece of string, you can use the Putty SSH console to find that piece of code hiding in all the files. For this all you need to do is to log in on your website (using your credential) go to where your website files are located and type the following line of code, if we have identified 64_decode in two or more virused files:

grep -RrlnisI '"64_decode"'

This command will return a list with virused files from the machine. If you know what you’re doing, you can start to modify manually those files or make a more complex pipeline command who can replace the entire code, entire line or even delete the entire file.

For example, if the virus is in the first line hidden with a lot of spaces and all the string is found there, we can replace the entire line where “64_decode” is found using the following shell command:

grep -RrlnisI '"64_decode"' | xargs sed -i '1 s/^.*$/<?php/'

This will replace the entire line in the found files with a simple <?php string.

It will be ok to take a look at the last accessed files in real time, to see if there are any infected files or the infection vector can be determined from there. To see that, you can run the following Linux shell command (assuming that you are using nginx, find where the apache is store your access.log file or use the “locate access.log ” command and replace the path in tail -f).

tail -f /var/log/nginx/access.log | sed -e '/POST/!d' -e '/" 200/!d'

If you don’t have SSH access to the infected server:

Well, the idea is the same, just download the entire website using a FTP software, make a backup first, and start to look in the designated directory using an advanced find and replace software. Please make sure you understand what you’re doing before changing any strings. When the files have been cleaned from any viruses, upload the entire folder back to the server or just the cleaned files. Please take a look in your log files to see how the website get infected in the first place. Change all your access passwords if your FTP password could be found in any configuration files located on the website. This is important in order to avoid further website virus infection in the future.

If you want to have your website virus cleaned by professionals, price will be $99.00 and the turnaround time is usually less than 8 hours. To do that, simply send an email to the following email address, giving the website address, infection details and a phone number where you can be reached at:


How to import ICS file into Google Calendar and Windows 10 Calendar

A friend of mine asked to help him with this issue. He just upgrade the operating system on his main PC from Windows 7 to Windows 10 and he seems to be a little bit lost after so many changes on the user interface. It will take a while to get used to the new Windows 10.
He was using the outlook application to read the emails with IMAP feature turned on. However, he had a few calendar contacts and want to import that file into the new Windows 10 Mail and of course, to use the new Windows 10 Calendar with his ICS file.

Using the Calendar Restore app

Windows 10 doesn’t nativelly support the ICS files, which is a minus, so I’ve been forced to use an app to do this operation. The app name is Calendar Restore and it can import the ICS file/files into Windows 10 Calendar.

How to Import ICS files into Windows 10 Calendar

ICS file is a format for calendar files which became a standard used by many email clients like Outlook, Mozilla Thunderbird and most important, Google Calendar which support the import-export operation with and from this file format.

The Calendar Restore app used to import the ICS file is available in Windows Store. It’s free of charge and you can download the app in just no time.

Calendar Restore app features

  • Support the ICS files with more than one events (multiple events)
  • Support iCalendar (.ics) files extension
  • Can open ICS files directly from email attachment.
  • It can associate ICS files with Internet Explorer
  • …and many other

According to its author, this app doesn’t spy the user and no data is being sent back to the app maker server.

Using Calendar Restore app and import ICS file to Windows 10 Calendar

There are two methods to do this:

Method #1:

  1. Install the application from Windows Store.
  2. Start the Calendar Restore and click the import button. Next browse and find the ICS file that you wish to import and press the OPEN button at the end.

Method #2:

  1. Go to the Calendar Restore app webpage to install the application if you don’t want to use the Windows Store.
  2. Browse your computer to the location of the ICS file and double click on that file. It will bring up the Calendar Restore app and ask if you wish to import the file into Windows 10 Calendar.

As for the Google Calendar import, it has a native support for the ICS files. Just go to import and select the ICS file that you wish to import.

Repair MS Office Word Documents with Office 365 or Office 2016

Even if there are many other free software that can open DOC, DOCX, XLS or other MS Office files, I stick with MS Office. I don’t know why, maybe because the software is mature enough and I’m using it for a long time.
Sometimes you happen to have a broken Word file. Many of us don’t know, but MS Office has the capability to repair those broken files without the need of any other third party tools.
There are just a few external application which are free of charge and get the job done.

The Repair feature from Microsoft Office

Repair Word Files with MS Office

You don’t have to be a geek to know there are some less known features in Microsoft Office, and one of them is the feature to repair damaged Word files. This feature is in the Microsoft Office starting with version 2003, and is still present in Office 2007, Office 2010, Office 2013 and of course the Office 2016 and Office 365.
This feature is efficient in repairing many kinds of documents not only Word files, but Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote, InfoPath and many others.

The document can be considered damaged if you have one of the following errors:

  • – Unreadable Characters in file.
  • – Office is unable to open files, throwing an exception while opening.
  • – Office is unable to save file.
  • – Computer will hang or freeze for a while when opening the Office document.

Based on Microsoft documentation, Microsoft Office will try to repair the file by itself, but sometimes you may want or need to repair the document manually.

How to Use the Microsoft Office to repair documents in Windows

1. Open Office Excel, Office Word or any other program from the Office package that supports the document extension.
2. Click the file menu and select the Option.

Repair OIffice Documents with Office 365

3. On the following screen, click the Browse button.

Repair Damaged Office Documents

4. Now you have to browse to the location of the damaged document and select the down arrow button near the Open button as you can see in the attached image.

5. Don’t just press the Open button, first select the Open and Repair from the drop-down menu so you can tell office to open the document and start repairing it.

Repair Office Document.

Now, the Office should open the document and repair the damage. For me it works all the time, if it doesn’t work for you, leave a message and i’ll do my best to come up with an alternative.

How to Compress a Whole Linux or UNIX Directory

Linux or UNIX is a lot different than other graphical operating system like Windows. When it comes to Linux power, it’s combined command line it’s almost magic. You can combine more than one command into a single and powerful command who can do exactly what you want.
At this moment, we will talk about how to compress a whole Linux directory from command line.
It’s very easy to do this, very useful if you wish to backup your entire website, files, or compress a directory and send the link for download to someone else. GNU tar command create the archive and compress it for you very easy.
To compress an entire directory under Linux or UNIX type the following command:

[box] tar -zcvf desired-archive-name.tar.gz desired-directory-name[/box]

And I will try to explain what “-zcvf” means:

  • z: It will compress the archive using a gzip program.
  • c: It will create the archive.
  • v: Verbose mode, display the entire progress while compressing the directory.
  • f: Archive file name

If you have a directory called blog with path /var/www/blog and you want to backup the entire files from this directory (creating an archive) you can use the following command:

[box]$ tar -zcvf blog-backup-2017.tar.gz /var/www/blog[/box]

This command will create the archive called blog-backup-2017.tar.gz in the current path. When the file is moved to another machine to decompress you have to use the following command which will extract the files in the current path also:

[box]$ tar -zxvf blog-backup-2017.tar.gz[/box]

The “-x” will be used to extract the files from the given archive.

But how would you do if you wish to extract the files in a specific directory ? For example, if you wish to extract the files in a directory path /new ? Well, you are going to use the following command:

[box]$ tar -zxvf blog-backup-2017.tar.gz -C /new[/box]
[box]$ cd /new[/box]
[box]$ ls -la [/box]


How To Change Screen Resolution in Windows 10

Nowadays with all the various devices running Windows 10 is very important to have the correct screen resolution. Using the optimal screen resolution based on your screen size and display capabilities, you can get a better and clear images on screen. When the resolution will go up on scale, the images will become more sharper, and of course, the content of games and applications. Windows has its own set of default values who are automatically applied by the Windows 10 System based on your screen, however you can manually adjust any of these settings to fit your preferences.

In this article we will see how to change various settings related to resolution in Windows 10 as Screen Resolution, ClearType Text, Display Adapter, Text Sizing, Color Calibration and other values related to these. First step is to open up the Display Settings app from the panel.

Windows 10 – Change Screen Resolution

When you are in desktop, just click the right mouse button and a panel will show up:

Windows 10 Screen Resolution Settings

From here you have to select the “Display settings”, from where you are able to change the text size, orientation, brightness level. To change the resolution you have to select “Advanced Display Settings”.

Screen Resolution Advanced Settings

On my laptop, Windows 10 recommend the optimum resolution of 1366 x 768, but it may be different from PC to PC. If you want to modify the recommended settings, you can do it. If you lower the resolution the text will appear larger on screen, if you go up, the text will become smaller. From the options menu, select the desired resolution and press “Apply” at the end.

Change Screen Resolution Windows 10

If the selected display resolution is not the optimal one, you will get a popup with Optimal Resolution Notification from Windows 10.

Optimal Resolution Notification

At this point, you may ignore the notification and confirm your changes by clicking the “Keep The Changes” button. If you’re not happy with your selection you may select a new resolution from the list. Windows 10 will wait 15 seconds before reverting the changes, if something goes wrong like the image is missing from the screen in 15 seconds the screen resolution will be reverted to the previous value.

Windows 10 Display Settings revert changes

From here, in Advanced Display Settings, you can make even more adjustments like:

Change Color Calibration in Windows 10

From here you can calibrate the display by clicking on Color Calibration. A new window will be displayed showing the Color Calibration Wizard. If you wish to continue this step, just follow the instructions from the wizard and you’re good to go.

Windows 10 Color Calibration

Calibrate Clear Type Text in Windows 10

If you think your text on the screen is not clear enough, you can make it much clear by checking the box under the Clear Type Text section displayed on page. Clicking that will open up Text Tuner Wizard where you also have to follow instructions to adjust the settings as you like.

Clear Text Type Tuner Wizard Windows 10

Change Advanced Sizing of Text

You can also adjust the various sizes of texts, apps including title bars text, menu text and even message boxes.

Change Text Sizing in Windows 10

Change Display Adapter settings and properties

From the same Display Settings panel we can change the Display Adapter settings and properties:


You can play with various settings here, but i strongly  recommend to do it only if you know exactly what you’re going to do. Scaling and Screen Resolution depend on the size of your display and electronic capacity, so it’s better to leave it default.


Check if USB Drive is 3.0

It’s not easy to tell just by looking at the drive. The big difference between USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 is the reading and writing speed. What i recommend is using actually a software to measure the speed of transfer between the designated USB drive and a SSD. Why a SSD ? You shouldn’t have any bottlenecks in measurement while you do the benchmarks. If you’re gonna use a standard HDD, you could have some erroneous measurements.

I know, this method is not perfect but you can easily see how your drive will perform while reading and writing files to and from it. While having this in mind, i will recommend you some software that will do this job for you.

The first software is USB Flash Benchmark, which is decent for what can do, and it comes with a portable version. When you start this software, select the drive you want to measure, then hit the Benchmark button.

How to check if USB drive is 3.0

When the benchmark is complete, the software will pop-up a window with results speed, including of course, the read/write speeds with a nice graphic.

Our picks is the Crystal Disk Mark. You can customize completely, you can also build your own tests for various purposes, picking the file size for tests and if you want sequential read orrandom read with blocks of various sizes.This piece of software also come as standalone installer or portable version, leaving this option to you. We also recommend you to use the portable version instead of standalone version. The software makes you install some other crappy and unwanted software so it’s better to stay with the portable.

Check usb drive speed

Even if you don’t get too much of what we’re saying here, we still recommend you this one, it’s the best we’ve seen by far (free of charge). Just a reminder, USB 2.0 speed goes to 7.9 MB/s to 9.5 MB/s in write speed. USB 3.0 goes from 11.4 MB/s up to 286.2 MB/s depending on the drive, producer, memories, connector and so on. Don’t expect too much from a cheap USB 3.0 drive, but definitely you will have better speed than any 2.0 USB drives. Having this figures you can see where your USB drive stand.




10 Best Ways to Speed Up a Slow Windows PC

Everyone will face this issue over time. However Windows computers should not be slower if the time pass. If you computer become slower over time, there is a logical reason for that issue. What you need to do first is to reboot a computer once and see if the problem persist. In most cases, the windows will identify the problem and fix it.

Clean your PC easily with software – CleanMyPC

Well, this software is a great addition to your software collection. It’s somehow a must-have. It’s intuitive and user friendly interface will get the job done almost by itself, with minimum user interaction. It will keep you computer clean and get the job done quickly.
Even more, it come with a great tool called “Clean Uninstaller” so you can get rid of unwanted applications and it will clean all the files left behind by other applications uninstalled before that. I don’t have to mention that the interface is also very intuitive and easy to be used.

Find Applications which are Resource-Hungry.

Another case is that you PC is getting slower because of some resource hungry applications. Take a look in windows task manager and order the running applications by CPU consumption. If you still have a classic HDD an application might wait to receive or write data to and from HDD and if you add up disk fragmentation you can have a clear picture of what might going on there.
In your Task Manager you can see exactly what is going on. If you detect the application you can kill the process by selecting the program and click on “End Task”. This will make the windows to forcing the application to stop.


Close the programs from System Tray.

A lot of running application are usually located in the tray or notification area. Some of these programs are launched by the system on the startup process. To see what programs are running right now on your System Tray, click the up arrow icon near the system tray. If you see an application that you might not need it right away you can right-click on the application icon and close it to free up resources on the system.

Close System Tray Application Speed up PC

Disable Start-Up Programs

If you see applications in system tray that you rarely use, it’s a good thing to prevent them from running on system startup. This way you can save memory and CPU and speed up the whole restart/login process on windows.
On Windows 8 and 10 you can use the startup manager from the Task Manager. Just press at once CTRL+SHIFT+Esc and it will show up. From here, you have to click on Startup Tab and disable the unwanted programs.
If you use Windows XP or Windows 7, press the start button and write msconfig. Now, press “Enter” and you will see the System Configuration panel showing up. Go to the “Startup” tab and DESELECT the unwanted programs from running. When you’re done, press the OK button. It will ask if you want to just exit or restart the computer. I suggest to press “Restart Later”.

Windows 10 Task Manager

Try to Reduce Animations and Eye-Candy effects from Windows.

As all of us knows already, Windows uses anymations to make the workflow more appeal. Well, in some cases this kind of animations can slow down a PC. If you wish to get rid of the animations, press the Windows Key + X or just press the right click button on the Start button and select the “System” menu from the option panel that show up. Now click on the Advanced System Settings and select the Settings button under the Performance. From here you have to select “Adjust for best performance” under the Visual Effects to disable all of them or if you wish to disable just a few of them, select custom and disable only the certain effects.

Windows Enable or Disable the animations

Make the Web Browser a lot lighter.

If you are an internet freak like me, it’s possible to have the Internet Browser full of junks and pictures, files, cookies from the previously visited websites. You have to delete the web history and files from time to time. Also, be sure that you don’t have to many addons or other browser extensions which may slow down the browser and make the whole internet navigation an unpleasent experience.

Browser Extensions may slow down PC

Scan your PC for unwanted programs (Malware/Adware).

When the PC is suddenly running slow, there is a good chance that you might have a malicious software running in the background and it cannot be seen in the task manager (most of the times).
Some malware software just interfere with your browser and replace legitimate advertising from the visited webpage with other advertising materials. That’s just an example, there can be other malware even worst than this one. There are malware programs which make your PC mining for e-coin in the background when there is no activity on the PC, with other words, your PC might make money for some hackers, and so on.
Just to be on the safe side, it’s a good thing to scan your computer from time to time. Personally i recommend Malwarebytes. It have a decent rate to catch the malware programs and other “potentially unwanted programs” – PUP’s.

Malware Slow Down PC

Make some room on Hard Disk – Make some Free Space.

You should be carefully on the Hard Disk space. If you do have a small quantity of RAM and a Full HDD, it might be the receipe for disaster. No, i’m kidding, but it might slow down your PC a lot. Find your old applications installed on the HDD, uninstall them, look for some old installed them and uninstall them also. You should always have a decent amount of disk space available.

Disk Space Slow Down PC

Defragment your classic HDD.

Why classic ? Because all the new Hard Drive (Solid State Drive – SSD) doesn’t need to be defragmented. So in case you still have an old type of disk (HDD), and you didn’t make this operation for some time (at least 5-6 months), you should try to defragment your HDD. Why the fragmentation happened ? Well, you write a lot of things on HDD, delete them, and write again, that’s how the fragmentation take place.
Press start button and type dfrgui and press enter. The Optimize Drive panel will show up.

Disk Defragmentation Speed UP PC

Uninstall the old or/and not used programs.

That’s a simple way to free some space and speed up the computer. Open the Control Panel, type uninstall, and click on the “Uninstall a Program”. There you will see all the installed programs. Now, you know better than anyone what you have to uninstall.

Uninstall programs to speed up computer

Try to reset your PC or simply RE-Install Windows.

If all of the previous tips doesn’t speed up your PC, you should consider reinstalling Windows. If you have Windows XP or Windows 7, you need to prepare your bootable USB media with Windows, if you do have a newer version of Windows like Windows 8, Windows 8.1 or Windows 10, it will be easier for you to get a “reinstalled” version. Use the “Reset your PC” feature, which is built-in and you will get a fresh Windows system.
Also, if you still use an old mechanical disk drive, please consider switching to a new technology like SSD, it’s worth every penny and you will be more than pleased with this new upgrade.

Windows Reinstall Speed UP Computer


How to use your Free Windows 10 License after changing PC hardware components

How to Use Your Free Windows 10 License After Changing Your PC’s Hardware

As you know already, the license is strictly related to the PC’s hardware components, but you’re still be able to use your old windows 10 license even after you will change the hardware components. Even more, activating the license is even less complicated after you install Windows 10 Anniversary Edition Update.

How to Associate Your Windows 10 License with a Microsoft Account

With Windows 10 Anniversary Edition Update it’s easy to associate your old license (obtained before the hardware change) with Microsoft account. This is going to be an automatic process when you sign in with Microsoft account. But there are people who never signed in with a Microsoft account. If you want to enable this automatic process go to Settings > System & Security > Activation and you will be asked to add a Microsoft account, and make the entire process lot easier.

Reactivate Windows 10 License on new PC hardware

After this step you will see the “Windows 10 is activated with a digital license linked to your Microsoft Account” message. That’s it, you’re good to go. You can change any hardware component from PC and your license is still valid.

How to Activate Your Windows 10 License After a massive Hardware Change

When you are going to reinstall Windows 10 after a massive hardware change and I’m talking about the biggest and most important hardware component – motherboard, just make sure you skip the field where it asks for a product key while installing the new operating system.

It’s still unclear how Microsoft hardware activation process works. I know for a fact that just replacing the hard-drive or change the video card would not cause a problem. If you change only a few hardware components in your computer, the Windows 10 should reactivate itself automatically. But if you do change your motherboard in your computer, the Windows 10 may see your computer as a brand new and it may not reactivate the license itself.

Go to Settings > Update & Security > Activation and click on the Troubleshoot section if the Windows 10 automatic activation fails. Sign in with the Microsoft Windows account previously associated with your license. Now you can tell Microsoft that you “changed hardware on this device recently” and you will be able to choose your PC from a list of devices that has been associated with your Microsoft account. Select the one that suits you and move on. Microsoft Documentation explains how this entire process work.

But Why I Can’t Just Use a Simple Product Key ?

Well that’s the $119.99 question. Free Windows 10 license works differently from previous versions of Windows license system. If you buy a new copy of Windows 10, to install it on a PC you’re building yourself you’ll also have a product key to work with.

In this particular case, the product key would serve to activate Windows. There is no way to find your Windows 10 product key if you want to upgrade for free. Simply, there is no key associated.

Free Windows 10 License

This free Windows 10 license work entirely different. Instead of issuing a free Windows 10 License for your PC, it will associate a unique ID that will work directly with Microsoft Windows activation servers.

Even if you reinstall the Windows 10 on the same PC, this will be reported directly to Microsoft Windows activation servers. Activation server will give an OK to the activation process and your reinstalled Windows 10 system will be already activated.

This automatic license process will work only if the PC will have the same configuration as you had before the reinstall.